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ACV was established in February 2012 as a result of the merger of three Northern, Central and Southern Airports Corporation. ACV is one of corporations with the largest amount of capital in the transport infrastructure sector. Source: "AVC draws ...
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Although the project awaits approval from the Prime Minister, the equitisation of Airports Corporation of Viet Nam (ACV) this year has attracted the interest of many domestic and foreign investors. Source: "AVC draws foreign investor interest", ...
commented on their own question.
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Often enough the craft worker’s place of employment in ancient Greece was set in rural isolation. Potter, for instance, found it convenient to locate their workshops near their source of clay, regardless of its relation to the center of ...
 
AlpheccaStars SquareIs it clear that "potters and...
So, should the verb "establish" refer to the potters and makers of terra-cotta figurines? ...
 The earlier sentence in the paragraph makes it clear to the readers that the topic is where the potters located their workshops. This theme carries on to the following sentences. So the reader understands that the places where the potters worked ...
 Well, I wasn't aware if that.
Thank you.
replied to 's question.
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'You certainly did give me a surprise.' said the vicar. I think certainly have the same meaning with did here, can it stands with here?
 
john liaoI think "certainly" has the same meaning with as "did" here
There is a similarity of function. Yes. The following are all similar in meaning.
You did give me a surprise.
You certainly gave me a surprise.
You certainly did give me a surprise.
john liaocan it stands with here?
I have no idea what you're asking here, but maybe what I wrote ...
 I think certainly have the same meaning with did here, can it stands with "did" here?
You certainly gave me a surprise.
You certainly did give me a surprise.
Is the sense of second sentence stronger than the first one?
 
john liaocan it stands with "did" here?
I think you mean "Can both (did and certainly) be used together in the same sentence?"
Yes. You certainly did give me a surprise.
But you knew that already because that was the sentence you found in your book.
john liaoIs the sense of second sentence...
Yes. Definitely.
CJ ...
replied to 's question.
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The big clock which used to strike the hours day and night was damaged many years ago and has been silent ever since. I mean can I delete which here?
 I can use made as a past participle to define the big clock, is the reason of misuse "use" that "use" cannot stand as passive tense here?
The big clock made by Tim was damaged many years ago and has been silent ever since.
 
john liaoWhy I cannot use "used" as past...
You can only use the past participle in passive voice clauses; then both the helping verb and the relative pronoun can be omitted. The past participle becomes a modifier, not an inflected verb:
The big clock was built in 1489. It was damaged many ...
 
john liaoI can use made as a past participle...
OK. Now I see what you mean. You can do that, but realize that you're changing the meaning of "used to" in that case.
the clock which was used [to strike ... / for the purpose of striking ...]
~
the clock used [to strike ... / for the purpose of ...
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