HELP ME UNDESTAND THIS PLZ

Identify each italicized word as DO(direct object), IO(indirect object, OC(objective complement), AP(appositive), PN(predicate nominative), S(subject), or OP(object of preposition).

Scurvy, a vitamin C deficiency, makes people weak and sore. Scurvy was the leading cause of death among sailors in the early eighteen century. In 1753, James Lind, a Scottish naval surgeon, showed that citrus could cure scurvy. When the British navy gave sailors fresh citrus juice, scurvy disappeared from their ships. Today, scurvy is rare; it is usually seen only in very old or very young patients whose diets are deficient in vitamin C.
New Member02
DO(direct object), IO(indirect object, OC(objective complement), AP(appositive), PN(predicate nominative), S(subject), or OP(object of preposition).

My try, (not sure about the blue part)

Scurvy,s a vitamin C deficiency, makes peopledo weak and soreoc. Scurvy was the leading causepn of death among sailorsop in the early eighteen century. In 1753, James Lind, a Scottish naval surgeonap, showed that citrus could cure scurvy. When the British navys gave sailorsio fresh citrus juicedo, scurvy disappeared from their ships. Today, scurvy is rare; it is usually seen only in very old or very young patients whose diets are deficient in vitamin Cop.
Contributing Member1,112
Anonymous:
"Scurvy, a vitamin C deficiency, makes people weak and sore."

Scurvy is the subject, because it is the thing which "makes people weak and sore."
People is the direct object, because it is what scurvy is affecting, direct objects usually follow verbs.
Weak and sore are objective complements, because they modify the direct object, people.

"Scurvy was the leading cause of death among sailors in the early eighteen century."

Cause is the predicate nominative, because it stands for the subject, scurvy.
Sailors is the object of a preposition, because it follows the preposition among, and acts as the subject of the prepositional phrase.

"In 1753, James Lind, a Scottish naval surgeon, showed that citrus could cure scurvy."

Surgeon is an appositive for James Lind, because it describes him further, but is not essential to the sentence.

"When the British navy gave sailors fresh citrus juice, scurvy disappeared from their ships."

Navy is the subject, because it is the thing which gave.
Sailors is an indirect object, because they are the people to whom the juice was given.
Juice is the direct object, because it is the thing which was given.

"Today, scurvy is rare; it is usually seen only in very old or very young patients whose diets are deficient in vitamin C."

Vitamin C is an object of a preposition because it is the subject of the prepositional phrase, "in vitamin C."

When trying to diagram a sentence I think it becomes easier when you take out the unnecessary words. For example change "scurvy was the leading cause of death among sailors in the early eighteen century," to "scurvy was the cause of death among sailors in century." The latter is less senseful, but makes it easier to diagram the sentence's nouns. Of course that method wouldn't work as well when you're asked to diagram words other than nouns.
I hope this made some sense, and helped!
-Nathan
Anonymous:
"Scurvy, a vitamin C deficiency, makes people weak and sore."

Scurvy is the subject, because it is the thing which "makes people weak and sore."
People is the direct object, because it is what scurvy is affecting, direct objects usually follow verbs.
Weak and sore are objective complements, because they modify the direct object, people.

"Scurvy was the leading cause of death among sailors in the early eighteen century."

Cause is the predicate nominative, because it stands for the subject, scurvy.
Sailors is the object of a preposition, because it follows the preposition among, and acts as the subject of the prepositional phrase.

"In 1753, James Lind, a Scottish naval surgeon, showed that citrus could cure scurvy."

Surgeon is an appositive for James Lind, because it describes him further, but is not essential to the sentence.

"When the British navy gave sailors fresh citrus juice, scurvy disappeared from their ships."

Navy is the subject, because it is the thing which gave.
Sailors is an indirect object, because they are the people to whom the juice was given.
Juice is the direct object, because it is the thing which was given.

"Today, scurvy is rare; it is usually seen only in very old or very young patients whose diets are deficient in vitamin C."

Vitamin C is an object of a preposition because it is the subject of the prepositional phrase, "in vitamin C."

When trying to diagram a sentence I think it becomes easier when you take out the unnecessary words. For example change "scurvy was the leading cause of death among sailors in the early eighteen century," to "scurvy was the cause of death among sailors in century." The latter is less senseful, but makes it easier to diagram the sentence's nouns. Of course that method wouldn't work as well when you're asked to diagram words other than nouns.
I hope this made some sense, and helped!
-Nathan
Anonymous:
xGrade 8 student, needs to understand all of the above subject please!
Anonymous:
help what is the meaning of appositive to the direct object?
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