Could someone please help me identify the functions of the conjunction and in these sentences please?

-There may be black ingratitude in the thing, and(1) the punishment may be retributive and(2) well deserved.
-But, Joe had sanctified it, and(3) I had believed in it.
-I had believed in the forge as the glowing road to manhood and(4) independence
-Now, it was all coarse and(5) common, and(6) I would not have had Miss Havisham and(7) Estella see it on any account.
-I should at last roll up my shirt-sleeves and(8) go into the forge, Joe's 'prentice, I should be distinguished and(9) happy.
-I only felt that I was dusty with the dust of small coal, and(10) that I had a weight upon my daily
-I have felt for a time as if a thick curtain had fallen on all its interest and(11) romance, to shut me out from anything
-Never has that curtain dropped so heavy and(12) blank

Any help is greatly appreciated!

Thank You!
New Member07
Hi,

A conjunction basically joins clauses and words. Is there some more detailed kind of analysis you are looking for? Can you offer an example of such an analysis?

Best wishes, Clive
Veteran Member67,727
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Hi Clive

Thank You for taking the time to help out!

I know that the conjunction (and) function is as simple as that but, I am afraid my essay question needs more analysis and I don't have any examples of such; here's the question in more details I guess?

"Examine the uses and functions/meanings of the conjunction and"
Hi,

Hmm.

How many words? What level are you working at? High-school? University? I assume this is part of a course - on what? English language? Grammar? Linguistics?

Clive
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It's English grammar in context (E303) an Open University course http://www3.open.ac.uk/employment/associate-lecturers/courses/E303.shtm

They asked us to write about 1500-2000 words but since it was really hard to do that, I wrote about the conjunctions in general, anyways my essay is now around 850 words so I would really like to make that into 1500 words and to actually answer the essay question.

You see, I found these information on how the conjunction (and) could be used but I just don't know which of the above sentences these functions apply to.

The possible meanings of the most common coordinating conjunctions

AND
1. To suggest that one idea is chronologically sequential to another: "Tashonda sent in her applications and waited by the phone for a response."
2. To suggest that one idea is the result of another: "Willie heard the weather report and promptly boarded up his house."
3. To suggest that one idea is in contrast to another (frequently replaced by but in this usage): "Juanita is brilliant and Shalimar has a pleasant personality.
4. To suggest an element of surprise (sometimes replaced by yet in this usage): "Hartford is a rich city and suffers from many symptoms of urban blight."
5. To suggest that one clause is dependent upon another, conditionally (usually the first clause is an imperative): "Use your credit cards frequently and you'll soon find yourself deep in debt." top
6. To suggest a kind of "comment" on the first clause: "Charlie became addicted to gambling — and that surprised no one who knew him."

http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/conjunctions.htm
Hi,

Well, I think you have a good approach thought out to this, as outlined in your last post.

Do you also want to look at the different kinds of grammar that can involve 'and', eg the 'structures' it can join (adjectives, nouns, main clauses, subordinate clauses, etc.)?

And perhaps the ways 'and' can be used for stylistic effect? eg Deliberately starting a sentence with 'and'. The repetition of 'and' (I love you and want you and need you).

The use of 'and' as a question?

Tom: I asked my boss for a raise today.

Mary: And?

Best wishes, Clive
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Hi Clive

Sorry for bothering you with this question, and thank you for taking the time to check it out so far!

I would really appreciate if you could point out to me if the above 6 points apply to any of the (and)s in the first post sentences, that is what the essay is all about after all, do you know if you could figure out the use of (and) in there?

Since am short on word counts I would also like to add what you suggest just so that I could make it into 650 words.

Could please provide me with those information?

Many Thanks!
Hi,

I've tried, but this kind of analysis is very subjective. Decide what you think, as you are the one who has to do the explaining.

Clive

-There may be black ingratitude in the thing, and(1) the punishment may be retributive and(2) well deserved.
-But, Joe had sanctified it, and(3) I had believed in it.
-I had believed in the forge as the glowing road to manhood and(4) independence
-Now, it was all coarse and(5) common, and(6) I would not have had Miss Havisham and(7) Estella see it on any account.
-I should at last roll up my shirt-sleeves and(8) go into the forge, Joe's 'prentice, I should be distinguished and(9) happy.
-I only felt that I was dusty with the dust of small coal, and(10) that I had a weight upon my daily
-I have felt for a time as if a thick curtain had fallen on all its interest and(11) romance, to shut me out from anything
-Never has that curtain dropped so heavy and(12) blank
AND
1. To suggest that one idea is chronologically sequential to another: "Tashonda sent in her applications and waited by the phone for a response." 8
2. To suggest that one idea is the result of another: "Willie heard the weather report and promptly boarded up his house."8 6
3. To suggest that one idea is in contrast to another (frequently replaced by but in this usage): "Juanita is brilliant and Shalimar has a pleasant personality.12
4. To suggest an element of surprise (sometimes replaced by yet in this usage): "Hartford is a rich city and suffers from many symptoms of urban blight."12
5. To suggest that one clause is dependent upon another, conditionally (usually the first clause is an imperative): "Use your credit cards frequently and you'll soon find yourself deep in debt." top
6. To suggest a kind of "comment" on the first clause: "Charlie became addicted to gambling — and that surprised no one who knew him."
6
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Clive,

Thank You So Much!
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