Anonymous:Identify the functions of verbs in the sentence below by labelling them Vt (transitive), Vi (intransitive), Vd (dative), Vf (factitive), Vc (copulative) & Vs (sense)
Q1: He was last seen (vs) being given a large amount of money outside a bank.
Q2: In the late nineteenth century, Chinese secret societies became (vc) obessive about the possession of silver to such an extent that voilence often flared up among them.
Q3: Since the first astronaut landed (vi) on the moon, mankind has explored (vt) the idea of travelling to Mars.
Q4: The crowd was (vc) getting larger and more agitated when, at last, the police happened (vi)
Q5: Since he was (vc) always reliable and systematic, the committee unanimously voted (vf) Mike Treasurer.
I have tried to underline the main verb for each sentence but not sure whether I'm on the right track. Please enlighten.
Many thanks in advance.
AnonymousHi Anon, "Please enlighten." Too much light??
I think these terms have been invented by the ESL community and are a little tough for "native speakers" who are not trained ESL teachers. There's some overlap and ambiguity.
Transitive and intransitive are of course basic native English grammar school material. Every verb is one or the other, and often both, but not at the same time.
Q1: [to see] (Vt) - passive voice (vs would be You look funny.)
Q2: [to become] okay (links to predicate adjective obsessive)
Q3: [to land] okay (no object) [to explore] okay (direct object=idea)
Q4: [to get - in the intransitive sense of to become] okay (links to adjectival phrase larger and more agitated) [why not underline both parts as you did in Q1: ?] [to happen] okay
Q5: [to be] okay (links to adjectival phrase [always] reliable and systematic) [to vote] okay (two direct objects)
Regards, - A.
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