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ThecandymancanIf I want to end a quote before its period, am I required to use an ellipses (three or four dots)? e.g., Mike had a different outlook on the situation: "I like chicken..."Three dots as the last dot represents a period.
Since it's a matter of style, you can find different opinions. Here are only two.
The first one tells you not to add any ellipsis points; the second one suggests using four dots: three to indicate the ellipsis, plus a period.
[url=http://www.docstyles.com/cmscrib.htm ] SOURCE 1, based on the Chigago Manual of Style [/url]
[url=http://www.cliffsnotes.com/WileyCDA/CliffsReviewTopic/Uses-of-Quotation-Marks.topicArticleId-29011,articleId-28996.html] SOURCE 2[/url]
Times-Chambers Punctuation Guide by Gordon Jarvie states as follows:
We use three dots to indicate the omission of a word or words. If this omission occurs at the end of a sentence, one of these dots is seen as representing the full stop.
I don't think that the difference lies in BrE vs AmE. For instance, here are some extracts from three British Universities' guidelines for students:
[url=http://www.englit.ed.ac.uk/studying/undergrd/honours/departmentstylesheet.html ]Edimburgh University[/url]:
For ellipsis within a sentence, use three . . . spaced periods, leaving a space before the first period. Quotations that are complete sentences should end with periods even though matter in the original may have been omitted. To indicate ellipsis after the conclusion of a complete sentence, use four periods with no space before the first. . . .[url=http://www.bristol.ac.uk/arts/skills/grammar/grammar_tutorial/page_25.htm ]Bristol University[/url]:
Finally, this is not a University, but a British institution, the [url=http://www.qaa.ac.uk/aboutus/policy/housestyleguidelines0205.asp]Quality Assurance Agency for Higher Education (QAA)[/url]:
As I said earlier, when it comes to style, there can be different ideas and traditions. I guess we could find references for everything: no dots (the one I prefer, when the final part is taken out and the sentence still makes sense), three dots, four dots.
If I were writing an assignment / report, then I would check my university / organisation requirements (if they exist). Otherwise, I would simply choose one style (Chicago Manual of Style, APA style etc.) and stick to it.
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