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actually i dont know exactly what is it and where we can use it . the sole thing i know is subjects and verbs are changed in an inverted sentence but when why how ?

is there anyone who can tell me inverted sentences with examples?
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Hello, Janissary,

I can only provide you with examples, but I can't help about rules...

- Little did he know what was going to happen.

- Under no circumstances can we pay you with a cheque.

- Seldom did he see her after that incident.

- Should Mary come early, please tell her to wait for me and make herself at ease.
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thnx pieanne ,

and any other one with more example and rules?as i see we can use it under some negative circumstances , i mean like seldom should rarely little am i right

do you have other examples?
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Hello, Janissary,

1.

If a clause begins with a negative adverb, inverted word order must usually be used, with the subject following the Simple Present or Simple Past of the verb to be, or the first auxiliary. In the case of the Simple Present or Simple Past of any verb other than the verb to be, the auxiliary to do must be used. This construction is summarized below, followed by examples.

Simple form of
negative adverb + verb to be or + subject
or adverb phrase first auxiliary

Never before was I so eager to reach home.
Little did we think we would meet again.
Seldom had they tasted such a delicacy.

Following are other examples of this type of construction. The negative adverbs and adverb phrases are printed in bold type, and the subjects of the verbs are underlined.


Seldom was he at a loss for words.
Scarcely had we left the house, when it began to rain.
Not for many years was the true story known.
No sooner did the bell ring than the children ran out of the school.
In the first example, the subject he follows was, the Simple Past of the verb to be. In the succeeding examples, the subjects we, story and bell follow the auxiliaries had, was and did, respectively.

2.

When used with a verb of motion, an adverb or adverb phrase of location may be placed at the beginning of a clause, followed immediately by the verb, followed by the noun subject of the verb. This construction is summarized below, followed by examples.

adverb phrase verb of noun
of location + motion + subjec
t

Up the hill trundled the train.
Here come our friends.

If the subject of the verb is a personal pronoun, the subject must precede the verb, as illustrated below:

adverb phrase pronoun verb of
of location + subject + motion


Up the hill it trundled.
Here they come.

(From http://www.wordpower.ws/grammar/gramch24.html#2g2 .)
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And now let me make some additions myself Emotion: smile .

Inversion should be used if a clause begins with such words like: never, hardly, scarcely, seldom, little, in vain, not only, etc.


Never in my life have I seen such a thing.
No sooner had he arrived than he fell ill.
In vain did we try to make him do it.
Inversion is also necessary in sentences like Neither do I and So do I.


I get up very early. So do I.
She didn't see him yesterday. Neither did I.
Inverted word order is used in subordinate clause of conditional sentence if the conjunction if is absent and there are such words words like: should, would, had, were, could. They should be placed before the subject then.


Should he come, ask him to wait. Compare: If he should come, ask him about it.
Should need arise, we will communacate with you again. = If need should arise, we will communacate with you again.

Had I time, I would go to the club. = If I had time, I would go to the club.
Were he here, he would help us. = I he were here, he would help us.
Could he come tonight, we would be very glad. = If he could come tonight, we would be very glad.
Were I to meet him tomorrow, I would ask him about it. = If I were to meet him tomorrow, I would ask him about it.
Would I see him tomorrow, I would ask him about it. = If I would see him tomorrow, I would ask him about it. (Note: please, see my next post).

Had I seen her yesterday, I would have asked her about it. = If I had seen her yesterday, I would have asked her about it.
Had we known it, he would not have gone there. = If we had known it, he would not have gone there.
Edited on 24-01-2006
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really thnx my philanthropic,lovely friend.

i even learnt more than i had expected to learn.

i suppose i have sorted my problem out. in order to use it in daily life these are my practices. ,

never before had i an opportunity to learn english with such good friends. Emotion: smile

scarcely do i speak english in my daily life.

not for too many years have i been learning english.

infrequently am i drinking coffee in these days P

no sooner had ruslana told me inverted sentences i learnt them with no difficulty.

as for the second part that you added sooner it was the best part because it merged some knowledge in my mind that i ve learnt so far.i already knew to use it in conditional sentences and "nor do i,so do i" but i learnt the reason.

thnx.bye
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Janissary, I am glad my posts have helped you.

But it seems I was not quite right.
RuslanaInverted word order is used in subordinate clause of conditional sentence if the conjunction if is absent and there are such words words like: should, would, had, were, could. They should be placed before the subject then.


Would I see him tomorrow, I would ask him about it. = If I would see him tomorrow, I would ask him about it.

I think the sentence is incorrect. It should be, If I saw him tomorrow, I would ask him about it. And then, as I see, it is impossible to use inverted word order here. I mean one cannot say, Saw I him tomorrow, I would ask him about it.

Can anybody please clarify if my thoughts are right?..

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Ruslana, thanks for coming up with your explanations Emotion: smile

As to your latest post, I think it should be "Should I see him tomorrow, ..." (In the event I see him tomorrow).
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Yes, frankly, I also think should is possible there.

On the other hand, I am confused if one can use inversion in sentences like this:


eg I will be obliged if you will acknowledge the receipt of this letter.

eg Will you acknowledge the receipt of this letter, I will be obliged.
Will in the subordinate clause here is not an auxiliary verb but means a request. So, I am not sure the red sentence is correct. Perhaps, you know that, Pieanne?
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