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Anonymous:
Infinitive:

1) They are only/but/all too pleased to help you.

What does this sentence mean? "They are too pleased, so they won't help you." or " They are too pleased ,so they help you"?

2)I am not/never too busy to come.

It mean "I can come or not?

3)He intended to have gone abroad last year ,but his mother suddenly fell ill.

Why the answer is not "to go"?

4)She is so foolish as to cry over a novel.

i just know the struture S+ is/are + so -clause , it the above sentence right?

5)You had better have seen the doctor earlier.

What is the meaning of this sentence and can we replace "have seen" with see?

6) Student should form the good habit to consullt dictionary.

Student should form the good habit of consulting dictionary.

What are the meanings of these two sentence above?

Gerund:

1)"Tom 's coming" or "Tom coming " is correct?

"chickens coming" or "chickens' coming" is correct?

2)The surroundings is/are beautiful?

This surroundings is/are beautiful?

The findings is/are useful?

3)Battleing the desert is the only chance to avoid starvation.

Battleing the desert is the only chance avoiding starvation

What is the difference in meaning between these two sentences?

4)Trees are cut for firewood, leaving the soil against wind and rain.

Trees are cut for firewood. Trees leave the soil against wing and rain << It is quite strange? Then what is the simples form of the sentence above?

5) I hope you don't mind my looking at your newspaper.

What is the nature of the word "looking" ? Is it a gerund used as a noun and "my" is used to modifies "looking"?

6)We don't understanf why you object to with us.

A. his coming (answer)

B him coming << but i think it is correct too because "We don't understande why you object to him (who is) coming with us" .Is it correct?

7)They are discussing the problem of to the moon.

A. a man's flying

B. men's flying

What is the answer and why?

8) There is no royal road to learn/learning ? and why?

9)We found the baby on the floor .

A.sleep << why it is wrong?

B. sleeping(answer)

C.alseep (answer)

Participle

1)She had her house .

A.destroyed << why it is wrong? Isn't "have something destroyed" equal to "something was destroyed"?

B.to be destroyed. (answer)

2)The editoral will appear in tomorrow's newspaper.

A. writing.<< why it is wrong. Can't i refer "editoral" as an adjective and "writing" as a noun?

B. being writen (answer)

3)During the battle some soilder were wound and some missing.

What is the original/simplest form of the sentence above?

sorry for asking so many questions.

Thank a lots.
Hi, This is rather of lot of questions in one go! You might find you get more answers if you split your posts into shorter ones. Anyway, a more formal grammarian will have to help you with some of these, and I don't have time to do all of them, but my comments on some are here...

1) They are only/but/all too pleased to help you.

What does this sentence mean? "They are too pleased, so they won't help you." or " They are too pleased ,so they help you"? - It means they are very happy to help you.

2)I am not/never too busy to come.

It mean "I can come or not? It means that you can come - you are quite keen in fact.

3)He intended to have gone abroad last year ,but his mother suddenly fell ill.

Why the answer is not "to go"?

4)She is so foolish as to cry over a novel.

i just know the struture S+ is/are + so -clause , it the above sentence right? I guess the structure is ok, but foolish is not an adjective I would choose for someone crying over a novel - maybe stupid, soft-hearted, sentimental?

5)You had better have seen the doctor earlier.

What is the meaning of this sentence and can we replace "have seen" with see?

6) Student should form the good habit to consullt dictionary.

Student should form the good habit of consulting dictionary.

What are the meanings of these two sentence above?

Should be 'students should form the good habit of consulting the/a dictionary.' It means that it is a good idea for students to use a dictionary.

Gerund:

1)"Tom 's coming" or "Tom coming " is correct? Tom's coming - short for Tom is coming.

"chickens coming" or "chickens' coming" is correct? You are confusing the apostrophe as used above - to show that something has been shortened, with the apostrophe that show possession (chickens'). You could say 'chickens are coming'. In most circumstances you need 'The chickens are coming'.

2)The surroundings is/are beautiful? are

This surroundings is/are beautiful? incorrect.

The findings is/are useful? are.

3)Battleing the desert is the only chance to avoid starvation.

Battleing the desert is the only chance avoiding starvation

What is the difference in meaning between these two sentences?

4)Trees are cut for firewood, leaving the soil against wind and rain.

Trees are cut for firewood. Trees leave the soil against wing and rain << It is quite strange? Then what is the simples form of the sentence above? You need to think that the trees protect the soil against wind and rain, so try using unprotected and protected in your sentences.
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Anonymous:
This surroundings is/are beautiful? incorrect.

why we can't use "This" modify surroundings?Then can i say this surrounding is beautiful?

Thank nano.

Can someone help me solve my question?^^ Thank ,too.
"Surroundings" is plural, so you have to use "these" & "are".

Or, as you say "this surrounding is beautiful", though I think it's more used in the plural.
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When you are talking about landscapes, surroundings is always used in the plural.
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Anonymous:
i see . Thank for your help.

Can anyone reply to the other questions?
Anonymous:
1) coming is unexpectable.

A.Mary and Tom (answer)

B.Tom and Mary 's

2) coming is unexpectable.

A Tom's (answer)

B.Tom

2) coming is unexpectable.

A Babies(answer)

B.Babies'

When "coming" is used as a noun(gerund) ,why in example 1) and 3) "-'s" is not requried but in example 2) "-'s" is required ?

Trees are cut for firewood,leaving the soil agsinst wind and rain. (In this sentence "leaving = protecting"? )
AnonymousCan anyone reply to the other questions?

Infinitive:
1) They are only/but/all too pleased to help you.
What does this sentence mean? "They are too pleased, so they won't help you." or " They are too pleased, so they help you"?
"They are ready to help you".
2) I am not/never too busy to come.
It mean "I can come or not?
"I can come".
3) He intended to have gone abroad last year ,but his mother suddenly fell ill.
Why the answer is not "to go"?
Because the main verb is "intended" and the infinitive is in the perfect form
4)She is so foolish as to cry over a novel.
I just know the struture <S+ is/are + so -clause>. Is it the above sentence right?
Right.
5)You had better have seen the doctor earlier.
What is the meaning of this sentence and can we replace "have seen" with see?
"You should have seen the doctor earlier, but you didn't. I regret it." You cannot replace "have seen" with "see" because there is "earlier".
6) "Student should form the good habit to consult a dictionary". "Student should form the good habit of consulting a dictionary."
What are the meanings of these two sentences above?
The latter is correct. The meaning is "You must consult a dictionary".

paco
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Gerund (1):
1) Which one is correct "Tom's coming" or "Tom coming "? And "chickens coming" or "chickens' coming"?
The choice depends on where they are used.
2)"The surroundings is/are beautiful?" "This surroundings is/are beautiful?"

"The findings is/are useful"? "The surroundings are beautiful?" "The finding is useful"
3) "Battling the desert is the only chance to avoid starvation" "Battling the desert is the only chance avoiding starvation" What is the difference in meaning between these two sentences?
Only "Battling the desert is the only chance to avoid starvation" makes sense.
4) "Trees are cut for firewood, leaving the soil unprotected against wind and rain." Trees are cut for firewood. Trees leave the soil against wing and rain. It is quite strange? Then what is the simple form of the sentence above?
What do you mean by "the simple form"? Your original sentence is wrong. It must be "Trees are cut for firewood, leaving the soil unprotected against wind and rain."

paco
Retired Moderator: A moderator who has retired.
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