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In the statement "I gave a book to Marc." Is "Marc" the indirect object or the object of the preposition "to"?
The question comes up because many statements involving the preposition "to" can be rewritten as follows:
I gave Marc the book.
In this sense, "Marc" appears to be the indirect object, or is it still the object of the preposition "to", though the preposition is unspoken?
Whatever answers the question "to whom" will generally be the indirect object.
If you can move what comes after the "to" to the position before the direct object (I gave the book to Marc --> I gave Marc the book) then it's the indirect object.
Compare it to I put the book on the table. You can't say "I put the table the book." So the table cannot the indirect object. Instead the table is the object of the preposition.
Does that help?
In the statement "I gave a book to Marc." Is "Marc" the indirect object or the object of the preposition "to"?It depends on which grammar book you read.
Some systems say that only the version without a preposition should be called an indirect object.
In such a system, I gave a book to Marc doesn't have an indirect object; I gave Marc a book does.
Other systems say that an indirect object is present no matter how it is expressed: a single word, an object of the preposition to, or an object of the preposition for. (gave Marc a book; brought a book to Marc; sang a song for Marc) In this kind of system, Marc is both an indirect object and an object of the preposition to in I gave a book to Marc.
I personally use the second system.
If you are taking a class where this distinction is important, be sure to find out from your teacher which system is being used in your class.
Anonymous:So, sometimes you can move the object of the preposition to before the direct object (eg. I gave the book to Marc / I gave Marc the book ; I baked a cake for my mum / I baked my mum a cake)
and sometimes you can't (I put the book on the table /
does anyone have any idea what it is that makes the difference? is there a list of verbs and their prepositions that can be moved in this way, or those that can't?
I'm an English teacher, asking for a student.
Anonymous:Hi, I suggest this website. It might help you. I searched around for a while and found this. Be sure to check out the links on the sight, too.
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