Passive Infinitive or Past Passive Infinitive

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Anonymous:
Do these sentences mean the same thing? I can't put my finger on why the second sentence seems wrong.

Passive Infinitive

I expected to be invited to the party, but I wasn't.

Past-passive Infinitive

I expected to have been invited to the party, but I wasn't.
Passive Infinitive

I expected to be invited to the party, but I wasn't.

--Past-passive-- Perfect Passive Infinitive

I expected to have been invited to the party, but I wasn't.

To my ear they have the same meaning. The second one, though grammatically correct, is wordier than necessary. Maybe that's why it seems wrong to you.

It seems to need a phrase of time to justify the perfect infiinitive.

I expected to have been invited to the party [by then / by that day], but I [wasn't / hadn't been].

But even with the additional phrase, the perfect infinitive is not required.

CJ
Veteran Member53,310
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Hello,

How about if I use passive "past perfect" is this possible?

e.g

I expected to had been invited to the party (last week), but I wasn't.

MC
Full Member361
mudclayI expected to had been invited ...
Not possible. There are no infinitives that have the past or the past participle form after 'to'.

'to have' is correct, but 'to had' is wrong.

'to go' is correct, but 'to went' is wrong, and 'to gone' is wrong.

'to see' is correct, but 'to saw' is wrong, and 'to seen' is wrong.

The same is true for all verbs.

CJ
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Emotion: smileThanks CJ!

I'll make another try for passive past perfect. Does it make sense?

" I had been expected to be invited to his party then, but I wasn't."
I'll make another try for passive past perfect. Does it make sense?

" I had been expected to be invited to his party then, but I wasn't."

Yes, that's fine.

Other passive past perfect examples:

All the documents had been thrown away before we arrived.

We discovered that the safe had been blown up and the money had been taken.

By the time they got to the banquet, the appetizers had already been served and the wine had been poured.

It was too late to do anything about it. The damage had already been done.

That was a trick that had never before been tried by that magician.

It turned out that the man with the shaggy beard had often been seen near the scene of the crime.

Would you like to try more of your own?

CJ
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CJ,

Brad had been fed by the time you called.

My children had been sent to school when their teacher called.

MC
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