A Singaporean man was sentenced (Question 1 - past tense or Passive??) to two weeks’ jail and fined S$500 for tampering(intransitive verb)(Question 2 -How come is "ing" is not "tampered"?) with his vehicle’s fuel gauge.

52—year—old Mr xxx pleaded guilty to two charges on August 5 for not having(verb) the minimum amount of fuel in his vehicle while leaving(verb) Singapore and for giving(verb) false information to the officer inspecting(verb) his car (Question 3- How come these sentences all the verbs is "ing"?)

In the last two years, three people have been charged (passive have been + past participle) in court for tampering with their car fuel gauges, and all were fined and imprisoned (Question 4 -passive were + past participle // Past tense??)

Hi, I have 4 quetions to ask, many thanks for reply :-) I'm very confusing to use "ing"
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A Singaporean man was sentenced (past passive) to two weeks’ jail and fined S$500 for tampering(intransitive verb)(Question 2 -How come is "ing" is not "tampered"-- It is a gerund) with his vehicle’s fuel gauge.

52—year—old Mr *** pleaded guilty to two charges on August 5 for not having(verb) the minimum amount of fuel in his vehicle while leaving(verb) Singapore and for giving(verb) false information to the officer inspecting(verb) his car (Question 3- How come these sentences all the verbs is "ing"?-- The first and third are gerunds; the second is a clause expressing the same time frame: 'while [he was] leaving Singapore'. )

In the last two years, three people have been charged (passive have been + past participle) in court for tampering with their car fuel gauges, and all were fined and imprisoned (Question 4 -passive were + past participle // Past tense??-- Present Perfect aspect, Passive voice)

Hi, I have 4 quetions to ask, many thanks for reply :-) I'm very confused about using "ing"
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Thanks for the reply, still confused to use "Gerund" (-ing). May i know more about how to use Gerund?
happyhour123How come in these sentences all the verbs is have "ing"?
The -ing form is the only form of the verb that is allowed after a preposition.
for (not) having
for tampering
while leaving
for giving
without seeing; by going; since finding; before paying, etc.
____
And in another case the -ing form remains after the deletion of "who was": ... the officer (who was) inspecting his car.
CJ
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