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Active Voice example: The coach named the player captain.
Coach = Subject
named = transitive verb
player = direct object
captain = object complement noun
If this is transformed to passive voice it becomes: The player is named captain (by the coach).
Player = subject
is named = passive voice verb
captain = ?? Can I now call this a predicate nominative even though I wouldn't think of "is named" as a linking verb?
Active: I painted the wall green. (Green = object complement adjective)
Passive: The wall was painted green. Is green a predicate adjective even though was painted is not a linking verb?
Thank you for your help.
Would grammarians actually use the term "predicate nominative" in that case or is it reserved for nouns following linking verbs?
mamaverdeWould grammarians actually use the term "predicate nominative" in that case or is it reserved for nouns following linking verbs?There are so many different systems of terminology proposed by so many different grammarians that I couldn't begin to guess what the "correct terms" are for such things.
What you call an object complement I've heard called an object-oriented predication.
When it appears in a passive structure, thus referring to the subject instead of the object, I've heard it called a subject-oriented predication.
What you call a predicate nominative I've heard called a subject complement.
There is often more than one name for the same thing! You may want to select a particular grammar book with a specific approach and stick to the terminology suggested there.
mamaverdeI was wondering what you call a noun renaming the subject but located in the predicate when the sentence is in passive voice.Have you considered that the passive version may be a catenative construction where the auxiliary verb "is" is a catenative verb and "named captain" is a subordinate clause functioning as its catenative complement? You could then make a case for "captain" being the object of "named".
What do you think?
I am afraid that I'm not very familar with catenative verbs. I think I've seen the term used before with verbs connecting to infinitives, but I'd definitely need to research it more.
mamaverdeI was wondering what you call a noun renaming the subject but located in the predicate when the sentence is in passive voice.Yes, it is a predicative, though I’d avoid using the word ‘nominative’. A predicative complement, or PC, is object-oriented in transitive clauses, and subject-oriented in intransitive clauses. So, using your example, if we put “named” in a passive clause, as you have, the PC is automatically re-oriented to the subject.
In other words, in the passive “The player is named captain”, which is an intransitive clause, “player” is subject and “captain” is a PC with subject orientation (subjective complement).
It doesn’t matter that “is named” is not a linking verb; PCs can operate in both transitive and intransitive clauses as we’ve just seen.
mamaverdeorThe same thing applies. The active “I painted the wall green” is a transitive clause with “wall” as object, so “green” is a predicative complement with object orientation (or objective PC). The passive “The wall was painted green” is an intransitive clause where “wall” is subject, so “green” becomes a PC with subject orientation (subjective PC).
The important things to remember are that PCs refer to S in intransitives and O in transitives, and are normally adjective phrases (like your “green” example) or noun phrases like your “captain" example).
I think that's more the kind of answer you were expecting and it ignores the somewhat irrelevant issue of whether the clauses are catenatives.
Does that clear things up?
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