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Forums · General English Grammar & Vocabulary, Listening & Speaking · Frequently Asked English Questions & Answers (Archived Posts)
cite - citing - cited -- the long vowel sound is preserved.
fit - fitting - fitted -- the short vowel sound is preserved.
wed - wedding - wedded
hop - hopping - hopped
occur - occurring - occurred
Note: The 'c' is not doubled. Double 'c' is written as 'ck' instead, regardless of the stress pattern of the syllables.
picnic - picnicking - picnicked
frolic - frolicking - frolicked
2. No doubling in the others.
More than one consonant at the end:
want - wanting - wanted
thirst - thirsting - thirsted
Final single consonant not preceded by a single vowel letter:
cook - cooking - cooked
fear - fearing - feared
Final syllable not stressed: (British English doubles in this case.)
travel - traveling - traveled
worship - worshiping - worshiped
3. Verbs which end in silent 'e' drop the 'e' before adding 'ing' or 'ed':
hope - hoping - hoped
invite - inviting - invited
move - moving - moved
There are a few exceptions (-ing form):
dye - dyeing - dyed
singe - singeing - singed
hoe - hoeing- hoed
Note that 'i' becomes 'y' in these 'ing' forms:
lie, die, vie - lying, dying, vying - lied, died, vied
4. Final 'y' changes to 'i' only before 'ed', not before 'ing':
pity - pitying - pitied
worry - worrying - worried
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