Doubling consonants in inflected forms

This is a discussion thread · 2 replies
... consonants on gerund and past simple of regular verbs. Can anybody refresh me those? Or maybe there's already a thread about it which I cannot seem to find...

Thank you.
Full Member281
Thread is locked
One rule is to double the consonant to preserve the short vowel sound:

cite - citing - cited -- the long vowel sound is preserved.

fit - fitting - fitted -- the short vowel sound is preserved.
Veteran Member88,876
SystemAdministrator: A system administrator takes care of the inner workings of the entire system. These users have the ability to promote, ban and modify other users.Teachers: Users in this role are certified teachers. This may include DELTA, CELTA, TESOL, TEFL qualified professionals. Email a scan of your qualification to an admin, if you wish to be considered.
Thread is locked
1. Verbs which end in a single consonant preceded by a single vowel in a stressed syllable double the final consonant.

wed - wedding - wedded
hop - hopping - hopped
occur - occurring - occurred

Note: The 'c' is not doubled. Double 'c' is written as 'ck' instead, regardless of the stress pattern of the syllables.

picnic - picnicking - picnicked
frolic - frolicking - frolicked

2. No doubling in the others.

More than one consonant at the end:
want - wanting - wanted
thirst - thirsting - thirsted

Final single consonant not preceded by a single vowel letter:
cook - cooking - cooked
fear - fearing - feared

Final syllable not stressed: (British English doubles in this case.)
travel - traveling - traveled
worship - worshiping - worshiped

3. Verbs which end in silent 'e' drop the 'e' before adding 'ing' or 'ed':

hope - hoping - hoped
invite - inviting - invited
move - moving - moved

There are a few exceptions (-ing form):

dye - dyeing - dyed
singe - singeing - singed
hoe - hoeing- hoed

Note that 'i' becomes 'y' in these 'ing' forms:
lie, die, vie - lying, dying, vying - lied, died, vied

4. Final 'y' changes to 'i' only before 'ed', not before 'ing':

pity - pitying - pitied
worry - worrying - worried

CJ
Veteran Member51,915
Moderator: A super-user who takes care of the forums. You have the ability to message a moderator privately should you wish. These users have a range of elevated privileges including the deletion, editing and movement of posts when needed.Proficient Speaker: Users in this role are known to maintain an excellent grasp of the English language. You can only be promoted to this role by the Englishforums team.
Thread is locked
Live chat
Registered users can join here