Sentence Construction

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srini:
Could someone tell me if my analysis of the following sentences are correct? I'd very much appreciate your help!!!
1. "The vote, which may take place late in the afternoon, was delayedlast week to give African Union officials a chance to negotiate a truce between rebels, who control the north of the country, and the government, which holds the south."
2. "A summit among West African leaders in Abuja, Nigeria on Sundaybacked the arms embargo and asked that it be imposed immediately, rather than on Dec. 10 as a draft resolution says, presumably to stop the collection of more weapons."
Answers:

the vote >subj
which..afternoon >sub clause functioning as an adjective clause, coz of the usage of the relative pronoun(which).Here vote is a noun, and the sub clause adds some additional infi to the noun hence an adjectiv clause.
was delayed verb in the past tense
was helping verb
The vote was delayed main clause
last week adverb(it's not necessary)
{ to give african..chance infinitive phrase}
//adverb clause as it modifies the verb by asking the Qn: why was it delayed?
{to negotiate ..rebels infinitive phrase} // again an adverb clause, becoz an adverb can modify another adverb, why do they want to give a chance?
who...south adjective clause with the relative pronoun

A summit subj
among..Nigeria prepositional phrase
on sunday adverb
backed verb in the past form
arms embargo direct object
a summit..embargo >main clause
and { the summit } subj
asked verb
that it..imposed >adjective clause with the relative pronoun 'that'
rather..says adverb clause
presumably adverb
to stop the collection ..weapons >infinitive phrase
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Mary Ng:
[nq:1]Could someone tell me if my analysis of the following sentences are correct? I'd very much appreciate your help!!! 1. ... } subj asked verb that it..imposed >adjective clause with the relative pronoun 'that' rather..says adverb clause presumably adverb to stop the collection ..weapons >infinitive phrase[/nq]
I hope you will find this analysis helpful.
Sentence 1
The subject is the noun phrase "The vote".
The non-defining adjective clause "which may take place late in the afternoon" modifies the subject. Please note that non-defining adjective clauses are enclosed by commas.

The passive verb "was delayed" consists of the auxiliary or helping verb "was" and the main verb "delayed".
The noun phrase "last week" acts as an adverb to modify the verb "was delayed".
The infinitive phase of purpose "to give African Union officials a chance to negotiate a truce between rebels ... south" modifies the verb "was delayed".
Within the infinitive phrase of purpose, there are two non-defining adjective clauses. The first non-defining adjective clause "who control the north of the country" modifies the noun "rebels"; "rebels" is the antecedent of the relative pronoun "who". The second non-defining adjective clause "which holds the south" modifies the noun phrase "the government"; "the government" is the antecedent of the relative pronoun "which". Please note that the verb within an adjective clause agrees with the antecedent of the relative pronoun.

The preposition "between" has a compound object: "rebels and the government. The two parts of the compound object are separated by the first non-defining adjective clause.
Within the infinitive phrase of purpose, the infinitive phrase "to negotiate a truce ..." acts as an adjective to modify the noun phrase "a chance".
Sentence 2
The subject is the noun phrase "A summit".
The prepositional phrase "among West African leaders in Abuja, Nigeria" acts as an adjective to modify the subject. A comma should be placed after "Nigeria" to set off items in an address.

The prepositional phrase "on Sunday" acts as an adverb to modify the verb "backed".
The subject has a compound predicate consisting of the verbs "backed" and "asked", both in the past simple tense.
The noun phrase "the arms embargo" is the direct object of the verb "backed".
The noun clause "that it be imposed immediately, rather than on Dec 10 as a draft resolution says" is the direct object of the verb "asked". Please note that "that" is a subordinating conjunction, not a relative pronoun. The subordinating conjunction "that" introduces the noun clause.
The infinitive phrase of purpose "presumably to stop the collection of more weapons" modifies the subjunctive "be imposed". The adverb "presumably" modifies the infinitive phrase.

Mary Ng
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