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Forums · General English Grammar & Vocabulary, Listening & Speaking · General English Grammar Questions
first of all, affect is always a verb. it means to bring on or cause a change, or to cause emotion, to provoke feelings (good or bad). it can also mean to adopt a false characteristic.
many people drive dangerously, but this does not affect me, since i don't even have a car. (affect means there is no effect to the cause - no relation between the bad drivers and myself)
i cried when i saw the film "shindler's list". the film affected me deeply. (it touched me, it made me cry.)
effect can be either a noun or a verb. as a noun, it means the result of something (cause and effect).
he affected a british accent even though everyone knew he was american.
unemployed workers are a direct effect of factory closures.
as a verb, it means the same thing as the verb "effectuate", which means to bring about, to accomplish.
when the government effected tax cuts, everyone received a larger paycheck.
(the two words affect/effect are closely related ... one could say something to the effect of: "we were all deeply affected when the government effected a tax increase.")
1. Something brought about by a cause or agent; a result.
2. The power to produce an outcome or achieve a result; influence: The drug had an immediate effect on the pain. The government's action had no effect on the trade imbalance.
1. To have an influence on or effect a change in: Inflation affects the buying power of the dollar.
2. To act on the emotions of; touch or move.
The main differences of effect and affect are:
To affect something is to change or influence it, to effect something is a rather formal way of saying `to make it happen'. Confusingly, because either may produce an 'effect' or result this is a common error.
In simple terms, affect means 'make a difference to', whereas effect means 'a result' or 'bring about a result' here are some excerpts from a dictionary.
The 99% Rule for Effect and Affect
99% of the time effect is a noun, and affect is a verb (have an effect on, influence).
If the question is "Should I use effect or affect?" the answer is given by the 99% rule 99% of the time.
And yes, effect can be used as a verb (bring about, produce, create, cause), and affect can be used as a noun (feeling, emotion), but these usages are comparatively much less frequent. For all practical purposes these meanings can be dismissed from consideration in 99% of cases.
Anonymous:I was taught - by a superb Englsih teacher at school - that the difference is - 'effect' when there is a change in the physical/material elements under discussion and 'affect' when there is a change in the emotional. This would stack with the world 'affection' which is to do with feeling. So, one says 'The Butterfly Effect' or the 'Effect of Margaret Thatcher had on education when she was that Minister of Education. But we'd say ' Margaret Thatcher affected my view of education.' A very subtle distinction but worth thinking about. Am I - or was my teacher right?
The original participants are probably not around anymore to appreciate your help with their question.
Anonymous:Had to reply to your request to not add to these inquiries since they are so old. I disagree, because they still come up on search engines, so new people are viewing them all the time.
Within that post you can always reference the old one if you want.
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Enclose both post and /post in square brackets ([ ]).
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