1 2 3 4
The following is from a gramar book:

"Relative clauses need to be distinguished from a 2nd type of finite clause which can postmodify a noun: the appositive clause. This looks very similar to a relative clause introduced by that . Compare:

1) The story that I wrote was published.

2) The story that I had resigned was published.

The first is relative (that can be replaced by which); the 2nd is appositive (that means "that is", and cannot be replaced by which)."

I read the whole thing several times and I still don't understand what it is talking about. I still feel the two sentences are pretty much the same. What really is appositive clause?? Could anyone offer a better elaboration??? Thanks a million!
Full Member105
1) The story that I wrote was published.=I wrote the story and the story was published
Here “the story” is the object of “I wrote”. In other words, “I wrote” is an incomplete sentence.

2) The story that I had resigned was published.=The story was published.(What kind of story is it?) The story is that I had resigned.
Here “I had resigned” is a complete sentence and it is the content of the story.

paco
Senior Member4,095
Retired Moderator: A moderator who has retired.
ummmm....I am not sure. It is still confusing.... I guess I need a bit more time to digest. Or could anyone give me another example?
An appositive that-clause usually follows an abstract noun, which is mostly a derivative from a verb or an adjective.

belief (believe), comment (comment), confidence (confident), discovery (discover), doubt (doubt), evidence (evident), fact, fear (fear), hope (hope), indication (indicate), idea, information (inform), knowledge (know), news, opinion, order (order), problem, promise (promise), proof (prove), proposal (propose), report (report), rumor (rumor), story (tell), suggestion (suggest), thought (think), truth (true), wish (wish).

(EX) We must face the fact that the Earth is steadily warming.
(EX) We agree to the opinion that we must reduce CO2 release.
(EX) Columbus had a firm belief that the world is round.
(EX) Cleopatra received the news that
Caesar had been killed.

Please note the undelined parts can stand as a complete sentence by themselves.

paco
Retired Moderator: A moderator who has retired.
Anonymous:
1) The story (that I wrote) was published. --> Here, "that" is a relative pronoun referring to "the story," and it is the object of the verb "wrote." This sentence can be divided into two: The story was published. I wrote the story. ("the story" becomes "that" or "which" when this sentence becomes a suborniate clause to the main clause "The story was published.")

2)The story that (I had resigned) was published.--> Here, "that" is not the object of the verb "had resigned." In other words, we cannot say, "I had resigned the story." The sentence also can be divided into two: The story was published. I had resigned. (In the latter sentence, "the story" is not included.)

I hope this helps.
Do you realize that you are responding to a question written a year ago?
It's not likely the people who participated in this thread at the that time are still waiting for an answer. They might not even be visiting this forum anymore. Emotion: smile

CJ
Veteran Member51,862
Moderator: A super-user who takes care of the forums. You have the ability to message a moderator privately should you wish. These users have a range of elevated privileges including the deletion, editing and movement of posts when needed.Proficient Speaker: Users in this role are known to maintain an excellent grasp of the English language. You can only be promoted to this role by the Englishforums team.
Anonymous:
You are right, BUT there are still many others who are very glad for this explanation. Emotion: smile
Anonymous
2)The story that (I had resigned) was published.--> Here, "that" is not the object of the verb "had resigned." In other words, we cannot say, "I had resigned the story." The sentence also can be divided into two: The story was published. I had resigned. (In the latter sentence, "the story" is not included.)

I hope this helps.
If that is not the object of had resigned, what is it? The subject of the relative clause is I, so that can't be the subject. In the grammar I am accustomed to that is definitely an object in this sentence. Whether resign is the right verb is another question.

Cheers
CB
Veteran Member7,893
Proficient Speaker: Users in this role are known to maintain an excellent grasp of the English language. You can only be promoted to this role by the Englishforums team.Trusted Users: Trusted users are allowed to use additional capabilities of the site such as private messaging to all users and various other advanced features. You cannot join this role unless you are promoted by an administrator.
Anonymous:
yes for instance ı have newly discovered this forum and found a solution to my confusion by these answers Emotion: wink thank you all
Show more
Live chat
Registered users can join here