Hello there!

1. is "neither one of them" equal to "none of them" ? or is the meaning different?
2. in a cartoon one of characters said "did anyone bring the ball?" - shouldn't it be "has anyone brought the ball" ? I mean, there's some past-present time relation and an effect - the ball is there or is not...
3. do we say "one of THE characters" or without "the" and why???
4. in a radio show there was a question followed by "Good question" - why is there no article?! I'd say "A good question"
5. which one is correct "It's a good question" or "That's a good question" and why?
6. Would you say 'Well, I'd say that a verb is...' or 'Well, I'd have said that a verb is...'
7. a verb or the verb?

thanks a lot, looking forward to your replies

Firstly, these are not 'a couple of questions'! 'Couple' means 'two', not seven!

1. No. Neither one of them means there's two (of them) in total. None of them means there's more than two in total.

2. No. Cartoons reflect (US) spoken English often and the 'did you' versus 'have you' is a difference in informal speech.

3. "One of the characters".

4. Ellipsis. What missing is (That's/It's a) good question! or (What a) good question! Quite normal in spoken English.

5. Both are correct. See 4 above.

6. Both are correct. Depends on the context.

7. Both are correct. This is a difference between a/an and the depends on the context.

Without the full context some of your questions are meaningless. It's like me saying: Which is correct? bus or buses? a book or the book? How do you know without the context from which they came!
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well... as far as I know "a couple of (sth)" means a small number of things -> "I just need to make a couple more calls." (Longman Dictionary)
so it does not have to mean "2" does it? unless I'm mistaken, which of course, is possible.

anyway thanks for your answers,
Well yes and no. 'Couple' does mean a small number, two (or perhaps three), but certainly not seven.

For example; if I say 'a couple of days ago' this would mean Friday (or perhaps Thursday), but certainly not last Sunday!

'A few' or 'some' would be more accurate here.
thanks a lot Emotion: wink

could you elaborate on the usage of "the" in "the characters" ? I kind of get the idea but still... does the listener to whom I adress such a sentence knows which characters I'm talking about? I guess that he doesn't... especially when I'm not talkin about any particular cartoon... hmm...
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If we look at the context of this sentence, it would probably be:

"One of the characters in a cartoon I saw said/did/etc..."

Or perhaps: "I saw a cartoon and one of the characters (in it) said/did/etc..."

Therefore we are defining that the characters were in a cartoon, even though we have not said which character it was.

Hope that helps...