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I have come across a phenomenon when obiously a verb that should be passive is active " This book sells well" The car handles well" Is it something fixed? What other verbs can be used this way?

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This wine is only nine months old but is already drinking very nicely.

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The tenderloin cuts easily.

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VladvI have come across a phenomenon when obiously a verb that should be passive is active

You are seeing verbs that are usually transitive used intransitively, not active/passive. It looks like what would ordinarily be the object has become the subject. If you can read a book easily, it reads well.

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So these verb can have differen tenses? The books sold well, were selling well? All examples I saw have adverbs after those verbs, are there particular adverbs used in the pattern? Is it possible to use middle voice without adverbs?

If you want a lot of linguistic detail, consider these sources:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Labile_verb

https://www.thoughtco.com/ergative-grammar-term-1690608

Here is a very good reference with many specific verbs listed, and the subject of adverb modifiers.

https://ifioque.com/grammar/ergative-verb

VladvSo these verb can have different tenses? The books sold well, were selling well?

Yes.

VladvAll examples I saw have adverbs after those verbs

That's the most usual pattern.

Vladvare there particular adverbs used in the pattern?

well and easily seem to be the favorites.

VladvIs it possible to use middle voice without adverbs?

Yes, but it's less common.


For the difference between middle voice and ergative verbs, (and those are not exactly the same phenomenon in English), you might start at the link below.

It seems to me that middle voice tells us a property of the subject, whereas ergativity allows us to say what happens to the subject (without using the passive voice).

Glass breaks easily.
The glass table broke.

Ergativity and middle construction

CJ

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From the link I assume that middle voice as opposed to ergative is used only present simple in that it reflects property-all the examples I of middle voice I saw are in present simple, as opposed to ergative verbs, which take any tense. Please comment.

Vladv

From the link I assume that middle voice as opposed to ergative is used only present simple in that it reflects property-all the examples I of middle voice I saw are in present simple, as opposed to ergative verbs, which take any tense. Please comment.

As I said in my first reply above, the middle voice can be used in any tense.

The video games have been selling like hotcakes this summer.

CJ