+0
Hello

I wanted to know if the underlined word functions as an adjective or adverb.
"He escaped unharmed."

Thanks,

Specter
+0
Hi,

It's an adjective that describes 'he'.

You could reword it as 'Unharmed, he escaped'.

Clive
+0
Specter I wanted to know if the underlined word functions as an adjective or adverb.
"He escaped unharmed."
It functions as both!!!
This construct is called (Take a deep breath!) a subject-oriented depictive secondary predication.
The primary predication here is that he escaped. The secondary predication is that he was unharmed. But the 'unharmed' part happened during the escape, so there's a temporal relation with the verb here (which is typical for a depictive construct) and that makes 'unharmed' adverbial in nature.
Here's what Himmelman and Berndt say about it:
"Depictive secondary predicates, being simultaneously predicates and adjuncts, take part in two relations within the clause, and thus pose problems for an analysis either in terms of constituency or in terms of dependency."
So the "experts" have noticed the same problem that you have. Emotion: smile
But to leave theory behind and be practical about it -- I have heard it called an adverbial adjective, but for most purposes just 'adjective' is probably good enough.
Other examples:
She left angry.
They painted nude.
He returned astonished.
CJ
Site Hint: Check out our list of pronunciation videos.
Comments  
Thanks CJ Emotion: wink
Students: Are you brave enough to let our tutors analyse your pronunciation?