+0

Hi.

He appeared [to have been circulating many lies about the company he was looking for].

What's the function of the bracketed infinitival clause?

Is it subject complement?

+2

I wouldn't necessarily bracket it like that. I would suggest that "appeared to have been circulating" is a catenative construction whose object is "many lies ...".

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What about the following one?

He seems not to have understood the instructions that were given him.

Persian LearnerHe seems not to have understood the instructions that were given him.

I suggest that this can be looked at in the same way. I.e., at core is catenative verb combination "seem to do something"; here the negative perfect infinitive "not to have understood" is plugged in.

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