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But lawyers for Powell argued her false statements about election fraud in the months preceding the Capitol insurrection were unmistakably not presented as true facts.

“It was clear to reasonable persons that Powell’s claims were her opinions and legal theories on a matter of utmost public concern,” her legal motion says. “Those members of the public who were interested in the controversy were free to, and did, review that evidence and reached their own conclusions – or awaited resolution of the matter by the courts before making up their minds.”

What does the clause and did refer to in the relative clause who were interested in the controversy were free to, and did, review that evidence?

Is "did" an emphatic one there?

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Let's reword and expand that sentence a bit, to clarify the meaning.


Those members of the public who were interested in the controversy were free to review that evidence and those members of the public who were interested in the controversy did review that evidence . . .


What does the clause and did refer to in the relative clause who were interested in the controversy were free to, and did, review that evidence?

The writer tells us that they were free to review that evidence. But this doesn't mean they reviewed it. It just means they could if they wanted to. The writer then tells us they reviewed it.

I wouldn't say 'did' is emphatic here. I'd just say it's a means of avoiding a lot of repetition.

Clive

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anonymousIs "did" an emphatic one there?

No. It's "pro-verb do".


Emphatic do:

She didn't make a fuss about the potatoes at the time, but she did complain later that they were cold.

(Emphasizes the verb that follows.)


Pro-verb do:

Mary likes mussels, and Edith does, too.

(Substitutes for a previously stated verb phrase.)


Clive has already showed you what substitution is used in the example you quoted, so I won't repeat that.

CJ

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Comments  
anonymousIs "did" an emphatic one there?

Technically, yes, but it was the only way to shoehorn in the parenthetical piggybacking on "review". The sentence is equivalent to "Those members of the public who were interested in the controversy were free to review that evidence, and they did review that evidence, and they reached their own conclusions …."

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