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I failed to get into the university I applied for.

I managed to get into the school I had applied to.

I read these two sentences. Why do they use different prepositions? please explain this to me thank you.
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They vary because the university can be considered either the goal or the agent:

I applied to the government for my passport.
Comments  
I don't think I have seen the first used. More commonly:

apply to a school or university

apply for a job

why? I don't know.
 Mister Micawber's reply was promoted to an answer.