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1. Does "where" in the following text refer to "the European variant that Bourdieu offers"?


2. Does "are brought to bear on" below mean "are considered in relation to"?


Context:

From such a perspective meaning is either bracketed out entirely, as lying outside the competence of the sociologist, or considered as a function or outcome of that social organization which is the sociologist’s proper concern. While this perspective has been particularly dominant in American scholarship, Bourdieu can be said to offer a European variant, where the masters of the grand sociological narrative, Marx, Weber, and Durkheim, are brought to bear on the production of value and the consumption of artifacts as forms of social distinction.

Comments  

Meaning is what?????

catttt1. Does "where" in the following text refer to "the European variant that Bourdieu offers"?

Yes, "in the European variant that Bourdieu offers".

catttt2. Does "are brought to bear on" below mean "are considered in relation to"?

Pretty much, yes. Think of three cannons being rolled out and aimed at something. I would expect the writer to quote Marx, Weber, and Durkheim on his topic.

Thanks a lot. So, does it imply that "this variant connects Marx's, Weber's, and Durkheim's thoughts and philosophies with the production of value and the consumption of artifacts as forms of social distinction"?

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catttt

Thanks a lot. So, does it imply that "this variant connects Marx's, Weber's, and Durkheim's thoughts and philosophies with the production of value and the consumption of artifacts as forms of social distinction"?

You could say that, although "connects" is a pretty vague word. I might say that Bordieu makes reference to these European thinkers and uses their works to bolster his own.