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A. Graves and Jenkins report that Canadians place considerably greater emphasis on quality of life as a goal as compared with a high standard of living when these are traded off.

1) In sentence A, what is compared with a high standard of living?

Is "quality of life" compared with a high standard of living ? or is "a goal" compared with a high standard of living?

2) If "quality of life" is compared with a high standard of living, should I analyze this part "quality of life as a goal as compared with" as "[quality of life as a goal] as compared with" ? It looks like "as compared with" modifies "qualify of life".

3) Is sentence A correct English?

My answer is that it is "quality of life" that is compared with "a high standard of living", and sentence A is correct English.

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fire11) In sentence A, what is compared with a high standard of living?

quality of life

fire1Is "quality of life" compared with a high standard of living ?

Yes.

fire1or is "a goal" compared with a high standard of living?

No.

fire1It looks like "as compared with" modifies "qualify of life".

As usual, you use the word "modify" for any kind of association you see between words and phrases. "as compared with" acts more like a connector, i.e., a conjunction.

fire1should I analyze this part "quality of life as a goal as compared with" as "[quality of life as a goal] as compared with" ?

If I understand your system of bracketing, yes.

quality of life .......................... as a goal
... as compared with
a high standard of living ... as a goal

fire13) Is sentence A correct English?

Yes.

CJ