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Hi,

Can you tell me why in one instance an adjective can be accommodated and in the other instance (or instances) it can't be?

Case1:

considered as good -- 'good' (adjective) used correctly, I think.

considered as a good person -- 'good person' as a phrasal noun used correctly, I think

But why not for these?

Case 2:

painted as ___, here, what follows the words 'painted as' cannot be an adjective, I think.

Case 3:

brought up as ___. again, what follows the words 'brought up' cannot be an adjective, I think.

Why the Case 1 situation can accommodate an adjective, whereas the Case 2 and 3 situations cannot?

Sorry if my question isn't clear.
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I can't say for certain that this 'rule of thumb' works 100% of the time, but it seems to me that the verb has to have a meaning that contains some aspect of judgment. Otherwise the adjective, generally speaking, won't work.

appoint, elect, nominate, and bring up, to name a few verbs, have no component involving judgment. Thus, *appoint him as intelligent, *elect him as witty, *bring him up as eloquent don't make any sense.

On the other hand, acknowledge and rate have a judgmental aspect, so acknowledge him as brilliant and rate him as superior are fine.

In my opinion, however, consider should not take as with an adjective. I'd say consider him depressed, not consider him as depressed. I have the same opinion about the verb judge itself, strange to say, given my opening remarks. I'd sooner say I judge him worthy than I judge him as worthy. Nevertheless, you might be able to find such examples with as.

Another group of verbs like characterize can take the adjective, even though these have a less direct connection to judgment. portray him as timid, describe him as bold, see him as helpful, remember him as stingy

It's a matter of imitating the usage of others, as there is no rule that I know of that is 100% effective in these cases.

CJ
Comments  
Well, I think you should try and make several example with "painted as " and then think about their meaning...

«Can you tell me why in one instance an adjective can be accommodated and in the other instance (or instances) it can't be?»

In general, verbs are different. Some verbs express a person's attitude toward something (consider), others don't. So, even as can be used with some of the latter verbs, it will definately have a meaning not comparable with that of a similar phrase where one of the former verbs is used.
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 CalifJim's reply was promoted to an answer.
Thank you, CalifJim.

Would you say in all cases below, the 'as' is functioning as a preposition? I thought what comes after a preposition must be a noun. Was I wrong?

known as

appoint as

characterize as