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1. The earth as viewed from a satellite.

2. The English language as it is spoken in America.

3. The English language as spoken in America.

I found these three sentences in my dictionary.

I have two questions of them.

Q1) Are they all grammatically correct?

Q2) Can they be considered as fragments from sentences like below?

a1. This was the earth as viewed from a satellite when eclipse was happening.

a2. The English language as it is spoken in America is used as a lingua franca everywhere around the world.

a3. The English language as spoken in America is considered the most influential language in the world.

Q3) What does the part of "as X" grammatically modify in sentences 1, 2, 3?

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1. The earth as viewed from a satellite.

2. The English language as it is spoken in America.

3. The English language as spoken in America.

I found these three sentences in my dictionary.

I have two questions of them

Q1) Are they all grammatically correct? Yes, but they are phrases, not complete sentences.

Q2) Can they be considered as fragments from sentences like below? Yes

a1. This was the earth as viewed from a satellite when an eclipse was happening.

a2. The English language as it is spoken in America is used as a lingua franca everywhere around the world.

a3. The English language as spoken in America is considered the most influential language in the world.

Q3) What does the part of "as X" grammatically modify in sentences 1, 2, 3?

1. The earth

2. The English language

3. The English language

Comments  
fire1The English language as it is spoken in America is used as a lingua franca everywhere around the world.

English as a lingua franca (ELF) has nothing to do with a specific variaty of English, neither is it necessarily bound by the standards of the English(es) spoken in the inner-cricle nations. Be careful about that term if you're using it in a formal essay.