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Is "based on" a preposition or reduced relative clause in this sentence "He became rich based on his own abilities."?
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pen grape 927 Is "based on" a preposition or reduced relative clause in this sentence "He became rich based on his own abilities."?

'based' is a past participle, so based on his own abilities is a participle clause.

I don't see any harm in calling it a compound preposition if you'd like.

I don't see a way of justifying the argument that it's a reduced relative clause, but if you want to offer such an argument, please do.

CJ

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Thank you. In my opinion, the full sentence may be "“He became rich, which was based on his own abilities.”". So I think the grammar here would be reduced relative clause.

pen grape 927

Thank you. In my opinion, the full sentence may be "“He became rich, which was based on his own abilities.”". So I think the grammar here would be reduced relative clause.

Ah. So you're going for a non-restrictive reduced relative clause.

I was looking for an antecedent for a restrictive reduced relative clause, but I didn't find one.

I guess if you look at it as you have, it makes sense. Emotion: smile

Nevertheless, note that it's not contradictory to call a construction both a reduced relative clause (traditional terminology) and a participle clause (more modern terminology).

CJ