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Hello,

1. He closed the door behind him before leaving.

I am not able to understand the use of "behind" here.

2. He closed the door before leaving.

Do (1) and (2) convey the same information?
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It doesn't make any sense. You can't close the door behind you before you leave.

He closed the door behind/after him as he was leaving/after he left.
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Hi,

There's not a lot of difference. These can often be interchanged. However, here are some comments.

1. He closed the door behind him before leaving.

I am not able to understand the use of "behind" here. It makes it clear that he came out through this door and then closed it. It doesn't mean he had his back towards the door while he closed it.Emotion: smile

2. He closed the door before leaving. This would normally be taken to mean that he came out of the door and then closed it. However, it does not specifically say that. Maybe he closed the door and then climbed out through the window.Emotion: big smile Or maybe he was outside the house, never went inside, saw the open door, closed it and then left. These explanations are all highly unlikely, but possible.

Best wishes, Clive