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Hi,
first of all, are bumps IN or ON the road? I think both are ok...
Second, what is a bump? My dictionaries say it's a part of a flat surface that is not even and it's raised above the rest of it. Does it have to be raised, or can it be a part that is lower than the rest? For example, do you call these bumps (even if they are not raised) or holes?
Thanks Emotion: smile

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those are holes which produce a bump (shock)
Ok, so they are "holes in the road". Thanks.
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If there are holes in the road, spring has arrived
http://fredericksburg.com/News/FLS/2007/042007/04162007/274202
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bump


Function: noun
Inflected Form(s): -s

1 a : a somewhat forceful, sudden, thudding, or jolting blow or impact : the action, the effect, or the noise of such a blow<the freight cars came together with a bump> <the bump of a chestnut falling -- Sylvia Stallings> <a bump that still hurts>: as (1) : a jolt experienced in an airplane in flight that is caused by local ascending or descending air currents (2) : a sudden shock or rock concussion sometimes accompanying rock subsidence in and around mines b : displacement to a lower position : DEMOTION<a bump to the bottom of his class>

2 : a relatively abrupt convexity or protuberance on a surface: as a : a swelling of tissue usually resulting from a bump <a week later she still had a bad bump on her forehead> b : a protuberance on the body: as (1) : BREAST<a young girl beginning to mature and show bumps> (2) : a cranial protuberance associated in phrenology with one of various faculties or personal qualities c (1) : a sudden rise in a road surface likely to jolt a passing vehicle (2) : any marked unevenness in a road surface likely to cause such a jolt <an old pavement now full of bumps and holes> d : a hill or other bulky rounded protuberance typically somewhat isolated geographically <the lone bump of hill that stands on the Jersey flats -- Horace Sutton>

3 a : an obstruction giving sudden check or pause <help people over the bumps of defeat -- L.C.May>; also : the abrupt perception of an obstruction or difficulty <Mrs. Miniver remembered with a bump, felt dismayed -- Jan Struther> b : OBSTACLE, DIFFICULTY<the bumps he encountered on his way to success>

Merriam-Webster unabridged dictionary
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Hi - A bump is any swelling or lump.....a hole is the opposite, often, holes in the road are called potholes.
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do you call these bumps (even if they are not raised) or holes?
No. I don't call them bumps. The first is more like a depression or irregularity in the road. The second is a hole, more specifically a pothole. The third is a total disaster of multiple potholes!

The term you are looking for is almost certainly pothole. (Don't ask me for the derivation of that term!)

CJ
CalifJim The term you are looking for is almost certainly pothole. (Don't ask me for the derivation of that term!)
Yeah! Thank you all. Emotion: smile
Hi Kooyeen

This is the sort of bump that you might say is 'on' a road:

Emotion: smile
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