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Can one stick however in the middle of the sentence or does it always have to start a new sentence?
Even though my knowledge of english is limited, my grammar book has the information about the use of "however", so I think it's safe to reply to your question according to my book.
However is adverb; it can be used to link the sentences, so you can put it in the middle of two sentences to form a compound sentence (it's a conjunctive adverb).
However can be put in many places in the sentence and here are its position and its needed punctuations (according to my book).
1. ID; however, ID (He was annoyed; however, he kept quiet.)
2. ID. However, ID (He was annoyed. However, he kept quiet.)
3. ID. ID, however. (He was annoyed. He kept quiet, however.)
4. ID. ID (subject), however, v/o/c. (He was annoyed. He, however, kept quiet.)
Hope this helps.
P.s. About your other questions, I guess it's beyond my ability, but the thing that I can tell you is that:
- But is co-ordinate conjunction, so its use is almost the same as however but however is mostly used in more formal situation.
- On the other hand is mainly use when we want to compare one thing to the other but I don't think it functions as a conjunction (compound sentence) or tip-off word (complex sentence). I think that it's just a phrase that we add to help us express our feeling.
I took a look at dictionary and this is the definition of on the other hand.
on the one hand ... on the other hand
used when you are comparing two different facts or two opposite ways of thinking about a situation:
On the one hand I'd like a job which pays more, but on the other hand I enjoy the work I'm doing at the moment.
You'll see that there is a conjunction (but) between the 2 sentences which means that on the other hand alone cannot be used to connect the sentences, so if you want to use it (in compound sentence form), don't forget to put in the conjunction.
These are just my 2 cents, so please correct me if I'm wrong.
By the way, if anyone happens to know the answer to my question in the other thread, it'll be appreciated if you help me.
Infact, I just sent an e-mail with 'but' and 'however' on the same sentence.
eg. we are interested to work on this project but however there are certain concerns.
I guess 'but' is complete contrast and however is not that much.
but however there are certain concerns.
People are waiting to help.
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