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Please explain "by Friday" in the sentence:

"The students have to memorise these three poems by Friday."

Thanks a lot.
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They have to finish the task before Friday comes.

CJ
MinhuocPlease explain "by Friday" in the sentence:

"The students have to memorise these three poems by Friday."

Thanks a lot.

The deadline is Friday at the latest.
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I'd say that it needs to be done before Friday. To me it sounds as though they have to memorise the poems and then work on them in class on Friday - perhaps they will be asked to recite one of them. It's no good them waiting until Friday to learn them - that is too late.

When you say say something needs to be done 'by' a time or date, it means the task must be completed before that time or date.

Imagine you were told to do something by 3pm. You know you must have it finished at 3pm, you don't wait until 3pm to start.
Thanks for your explanation. It's very helpful.
Thanks for your explanation. It's very helpful to me.
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Nona The BritI'd say that it needs to be done before Friday. To me it sounds as though they have to memorise the poems and then work on them in class on Friday - perhaps they will be asked to recite one of them. It's no good them waiting until Friday to learn them - that is too late.

When you say say something needs to be done 'by' a time or date, it means the task must be completed before that time or date.

Imagine you were told to do something by 3pm. You know you must have it finished at 3pm, you don't wait until 3pm to start.

I'd say that "by Friday" can also include a part of Friday.
Hi guys,

If it were something important, I'd ask for clarification of 'by Friday'.

In such cases, businesses sometimes use expressions like 'by close of business on Friday'.

Best wishes, Clive
CliveHi guys,

If it were something important, I'd ask for clarification of 'by Friday'.

In such cases, businesses sometimes use expressions like 'by close of business on Friday'.

Best wishes, Clive

And if a lesson were at, say, 3pm on Friday, one could say "I want the homework finished by Friday" and mean before 3pm on that day.
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