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Hi,

I just wondered whether I am using this structure correctly or not. If say "by end of ..." in a sentence, are we supposed to use the present perfect tense in it as well ?

For instance;

  • I'll have left the by the end of this year.
  • Do you think you've been pregnant by the end of 2010? or you will be pregnant by the end ....?


  • Thanks in advance,

    DjB

    ***maybe both of them are ok (future tense-present perfect)
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Perhaps this helps:

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I hope to have finished by the end of the year. Do write again before
a very long time; it is a real pleasure to me to hear from
you. Farewell, ...

Life and Letters of Charles Darwin Volume I by Darwin, Charles ...
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... of these new forces is but partially under way, but progress is
being made, and by the end of the year it will be hard to find a
German who is not doing his bit ...

The Atlantic | June 1917
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The buoyancy of the Mayo economy is reflected in the fact that a record number of over 4,000 new cars will have been sold in Mayo by the end of the year.

www.mayo-ireland.ie/ConnTel/CT9811/CT981118/Cars.htm
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A bumper year for graduations. By the end of the year, 1998 will have been the university's biggest year ever for graduations, with eight separate ceremonies being staged.

www.flinders.edu.au/news/articles?oc07v07s02
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Comments  
Students: Are you brave enough to let our tutors analyse your pronunciation?
There's absolutely no link between past perfect and "by the end." These are all okay.

I'll have left by the end of this year.

He said he would leave in the fall of 2005, and sure enough, by the end of September, he was gone.

Do you think you'll be pregnant by the end of 2008? (I moved up the timeline for you Emotion: wink )
Grammar Geek
Do you think you'll be pregnant by the end of 2008? (I moved up the timeline for you Emotion: wink )

Thanks for the explanation.

Hey I do not think that I'll be pregnant by the end of 2008 because I'll be just 20 and I wanna live freely till the end Emotion: big smile What's more I'll be studying at the uni-no time to give birth:D
I think one could distinguish between:

Do you think you'll be pregnant by the end of 2008?
(if you yourself want that - see will)

Do you think you may/might be/get pregnant by the end of 2008?
(if it might happen by chance, not by your conscious will; get would be better here than be)

>live firely???
Is that freely?
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Marius HancuI think one could distinguish between:

>live firely???
Is that freely?
I am crying out for a keyboard that works indeed orderly, otherwise it'll be inevitable for me and the members to drown among these kind of misunderstandings and misspellings Emotion: big smile sorry again