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Hello,

I really need help here. These sentences have made me confused. Can someone explain to me about this please? What tense that's used for these sentences?

1- Your library card is enclosed. ( Why didn't say - was enclosed, or enclosed only)

2- I am compelled to say it just isn't going to happen. (why didn't say - I am compelling or have compelled, or compelled only)

3- We as a church are prepared to help. ( why didn't say - were prepared or are preparing or prepared only)

4- Christians are assured that they don't get special favours. ( why didn't say - were assured or were been assuring, etc...)

a- Is there any possibilities that we can put 'd' at the end of the word without means that for Past Tense?
b- Can we mix present tense and past tense in one sentence (in my eyes, based on those sentences, it shows - verb 'to be' in Present Tense, and verb in Past Tense)?

I really hope that you can understand with my questions. Please kindly explain. Many thanks.
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1. Your library card is enclosed. The enclosure is happening now, not at some time in the past, so the present tense 'is enclosed' is correct.

2. I am compelled to say it just isn't going to happen. The present tense is used here because it's a statement about you how feel now about something.

3. We as a church are prepared to help. Same answer as above.

4. Christians are assured that they don't get special favours. Same answer as above.

All those sentences are in the present tense, passive voice: 'be' + present participle

BillJ
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I know my question below sounds stupid, but I really have to ask....

I don't understand why they put 'd' at the end of the word....

enclose - enclosed
compel - compelled
prepare - prepared
assure - assured

But with your explanation, can i say that they changed (with -ed ) because they're passive sentences?
Hi

Firstly, I made a typo at the end of my first reply, the passive is of course 'be' + past participle. Sorry if I confused you.
virgogzBut with your explanation, can i say that they changed (with -ed ) because they're passive sentences?
Yes, you can say that. The main verbs in your sentences are -ed passives, NOT -ed past tense.

BillJ
Hi Bill,

yeah, it was confusing me (i've checked present participle and found it's a verb+ing) ....
but now, it's more clear to me...
thank you for sharing your knowledge here...
much appreciated it...
Emotion: smile
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Hi Bill,

yeah, it was confusing me (i've checked present participle and found it's a verb+ing) ..
but now, it's more clear to me...
thank you for sharing your knowledge here...
much appreciated it...
Emotion: smile