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what does coherent really mean? i read up on it and i sorta want to get more in depth with it so if anyone can help that would be great. but first off what do they mean by using repetition of key words ,synonyms , pronouns,transitions,and sentence patterns
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yes i am
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also what do they mean when writing sentence coherently try to writing from giving old information to new information vice versa?
Who do you mean by 'they'? 'Coherently' may just mean 'understandably'.
As I understand, coherence refers to consistency of style in a sequence of sentences in a paragraph or essay.. But you can have incoherence in a single sentence. For example, in this sentence both second person and third person pronouns are used to refer to one person, and in the next sentence, the person shifts again to first person plural.

You should always pay attention to where one is going in life. We need to plan ahead for the future. (not coherent)

Better:
You should always pay attention to where you are going in life. You need to plan ahead for the future.
One should always pay attention to where one is going in life. One needs to plan ahead for the future.

If a paragraph has incoherent sentences, it sounds very awkward. The reader will be confused or unhappy reading it..
Good writing requires a lot of effort in making the sentences flow smoothly.

Repetition can be very boring. Mixing tenses isn't good either:

John was a quick boy. He learned very quickly and he would always be quick to finish and get up quickly to do something new..

Better (using synonyms):
John was a quick boy. He learned his lessons rapidly and was faster than anyone else to finish his work. He was eager to get up and do something new.
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If you post your essay here, we can help make it more coherent.
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@alpheccastars

in order for 2 sentences to be coherent do they have to be closely related to what subject your talking about?
In order for 2 sentences to be coherent do they have to be closely related to what subject you're talking about?

No, not necessarily.
However, a good essay, newspaper article academic thesis or story always has a theme, and the sentences are organized into paragraphs which develop the story line or argue the point that the writer is trying to make.
@alpheccastars ok what about jus writing sentences for example i wrote:
Me and my brother like to play video games.
so if i wanted to write another sentence that follows the first sentence it has to be about video games?
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