・Whenever society demands of a mother sacrifices to her child which go beyond reason, the mother will except from the child compensations exceeding those she has a right to expect.

How would you interpret the 'compensations' above in that context? 
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Comments  (Page 2) 
I couldn't agree with you more GrammarGeek, it gives me chills to think there's a repayment expected for having parents caring for you............except it'd make more sense if it only limits to emotional demands rather than material compensations as it seems to indicate in the very last part of the sentence:

"....and the unsatisfied parent is likely to be an emotionally greedy parent."


It's Bertrand Russell, GG (and Raen).
Check here:

Getting back to the compensations, how would you explain it in a phrase or a sentence? 
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It's still repayment, payback for whatever it was the parent did.

I couldn't open that page because I didn't have the Japanese language pack and I was unable to find that passage elsewhere in English. He was writing 100 years ago, so I suppose I can't apply today's societal standards of child rearing. It's just a weird way to look at things. In a contract, both parties have to agree. What does the child agree to? Not to being born, not to being the recipient of so much attention - that would be the mother's choice. So how can there be an obligation to repay what they did not negotiate receiving?
English text not found? Hmm...strange. It appears right next to the Japanese text on my screen.
Here is what I find in that page:
But to return to the problems with which this book is concerned, the full joy of parenthood in the modern world is only to be obtained by those who can deeply feel this attitude of respect towards the child of which I have been speaking. For to them there will be no irksome restraint upon their love of power, and no need to dread the bitter disillusionment which despotic parents experience when their children acquire freedom. And to the parent who has this attitude there is more joy in parenthood than ever was possible to the despot in thehey-day of parental power. For the love that has been purged by gentleness of all tendency towards tyranny can give a joy more exquisite, more tender, more capable of transmuting the base metal of daily life into the pure gold of mystic ecstasy, than any emotion that is possible to the man still fighting and struggling to maintain hisascendancy in this slippery world.

While I attach a very high value to the parental emotion, I do not draw the inference, which is too commonly drawn, that mothers should do as much as possible themselves for their children. There is a convention on this subject which was all very well in the days when nothing was known about the care of children except the unscientific odds and ends that old women handed on to younger ones. Nowadays there is a great deal in the care of children which is best done by those who have made a special study of some department of this subject. In relation to that part of their education which is called 'education' this is recognised. A mother is not expected to teach her son the calculus, however much she may love him. So far as the acquisition of book-learning is concerned, it is recognised that children can acquire it better from those who have it than from a mother who does not have it. But in regard to many other departments in the care of children this is not recognjsed, because the experience required is not yet recognised. Undoubtedly certain things are better done by the mother, but as the child gets older, there will be an increasing number of things better done by someone else. If this were generally recognised, mothers would be saved a great deal of labour which is irksome to them, because it is not that in which they have professional competence. A woman who has acquired any kind of professional skill ought, both for her own sake and for that of the community, to be free to continue to exercise this skill in spite of motherhood. She may be unable to do so during the later months of pregmancy and during lactation, but a child over nine months old ought not to form an insuperable barrier to its mother's professional activities. Whenever society demands of a mother sacrifices to her child which go beyond reason, the mother, if she is not unusually saintly, will expect from her child compensations exceeding those she has a right to expect. The mother who is conventionally called self-sacrificing is, in a great majority of cases, exceptionally selfish towards her children, for, important as parenthood is an element in life, it is not satisfying if it is treated as the whole of life, and the unsatisfied parent is likely to be an emotionally grasping parent. It is important, therefore, quite as much in the interests of the children as in those of the mother, that motherhood should not cut her off from all other interests and pursuits. If she has a real vocationfor the care of children and that amount of knowledge which will enable her to care adequately for her own children, her skill ought to be more widely used, and she ought to be engaged professionally in the care of some group of children which may be expected to include her own. It is right that parents, provided they fulfil the minimum requirements insisted upon by the State, should have a say as to how their children are cared for and by whom, so long as they do not go outside the ranks of qualified persons. But there should be no convention demanding that every mother should do herself what some other woman can do better. Mothers who feel baffled and incompetent when faced with their children as many mothers do, should have no hesitation in having their children cared for by women who have an aptitude for this work and have undergone the necessary training. There is no heaven-sent instinctwhich teaches women the right thing to do by their children, and solicitude when it goes beyond a point is a camouflage for possessiveness. Many a child is psychologically ruined by ignorant and sentimental handling on the part of its mother. It has always been recognised that fathers cannot be expected to do very much for their chiidren, and yet children are quite as apt to love their fathers as to love their mothers. The lelation of the mother to the child will have in future toresemble more and more that which at present the father has, if women' s lives are to be freed from unnecessary slavery and children are to be allowed to profit by the scientific knowledge which is accumulating as to the care of their minds and bodies in early years.
Almost any post which mentions Mr. Russell should be put in the controversial section. If this cold be put into a single cohesive paragraph, there might be something to discuss. Also, if Mr. Russell had any experience with successful parenting, he might have different opinions.
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