Guest: I need some information about competence based approach in english laguage teaching , since it is the new method applied in Algeria.
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I'll be using the same aproach in teaching textile and clothing English next year, so may be we can exchange feedbacks then. (Najib/Morocco).
Anonymous:few information are available about the CBA because it is new , actually it has not been applied yetin Algeria
III. The Competency Based Approach
THE COMPETENCY-BASED APPROACH
The competency-based approach is based on linking learning carried out at school to
varied and relevant contexts-of-use in order to make the learning useful and durable.
The aim is for students to develop intellectual, linguistic and problem-solving
capacities in school that will enable them to tackle cognitively and pragmatically
challenging situations both in and out of school. Students will thus see learning as
being worthwhile and having relevance both for their studies and their future.
Definition of Competency
A competency is the ability to act using a range of skills and knowledge in various
situations that may differ from those in which they were learned. An individual’s
competency in a certain area develops over time. A competency is firmly linked to a
context-of-use. In other words, students will be prepared to use English effectively in
real-life situations by drawing on and manipulating what they have learned in school.
In this curriculum, language is viewed as a set of interacting competencies.
Therefore, the ability to use language as a speaker, listener, reader and writer is
critical in the goals of the curriculum. The program is therefore always centered on
the students and the development of their capacities in order for them to acquire, in
the most effective way possible, competency in English. Competencies are linked to
their in-school and out of school needs. Students learn to speak, listen to, read, write
and re-use what they have learned in new situations. These skills are taught in an
integrated way, since in real-life that is how they are used. It is no longer sufficient to
dispense information to students, rather the aim is to help students to play an ever
more active role in their own development and make them responsible for their own
learning. In order to take this active role, students need opportunities to find the
answers to questions arising from their own daily life and to become more responsible
and autonomous. In this approach to learning students confront complex and
significant situations; their personal process of adaptation relies on their cognitive and
affective resources while also taking into account the influence of their social and
cultural interactions with the world around them.
By framing the aims of the curriculum in terms of competency, the focus is on what
learners can actively do in and with the language rather than on a discrete list of
items they are expected to remember.
Language competencies and supporting competencies
Language involves three basic competencies:
• Interactive competency
• Interpretive competency
• Productive competency
Interactive competency is the ability to use language orally to interact with
others in order to create social relations, express needs, understand and address
needs of others and to get things accomplished. Engaging in a discussion is an
example of using one’s interactive competency.
Interpretive competency is the ability to understand written language through
reading or spoken language through listening and to interpret it appropriately.
Reading is the ability to understand and interpret written texts, listening is the
ability to understand and interpret oral language. Reading and listening are
thus addressed separately in the curriculum.
Productive competency is the ability to produce coherent, appropriate and
relevant messages in writing and speaking. It is also the ability to effectively
express ideas and organize thoughts appropriately. Productive competency is
more often associated with writing because writing involves producing texts
such as letters or essays. Productive speaking competency is also the
production of texts; it differs from interactive speaking competency in that it
does not involve interaction with other speakers. Giving a lecture or a
presentation are examples of using one’s productive speaking competency.
Learners have different levels of competency at different levels of language
proficiency. A beginning language learner can do less in each competency than an
advanced language learner. This is reflected in the Algerian English Framework in
the next section (Section V). The Algerian English Framework describes the level of
attainment of each of the competencies for each grade in school.
In order to develop interactive, interpretive and productive competencies, language
learners also need to develop supporting competencies:
• Linguistic Competency
• Language Strategies
Linguistic competency includes the learning and mastery of grammar,
pronunciation and the vocabulary needed in a given context. There is a
separate set of descriptors of linguistic competency for each grade level.
Language strategies are ways that help students to acquire, remember,
organize and use information on an ongoing basis. The language strategies are
incorporated into the competencies, rather than listed separately.
In the next section, the Algerian English Framework describes in detail the level of
attainment of each competency for each grade in school, beginning with Middle
School 1 through High School 3, seven levels all together.
Anonymous:this is a new broach and it deserved to search about
Anonymous:Thank you for such a useful explanation. Compentency-based approach is one of the current theories that most public school use because it encourages the learners to bring to the fore their competencies and autonomy.
This of course, can be done by training in class and aquiring sufficient learning strategies.
This can be achieved when the learner is equipped with the fondamental tools to know what to say, when to say it and how to say it.
Competency-based approach tends to develop the learners multiple intelligences: like visual intelligence, linguistic, logical, musical, natural, social, kinesthetic, intrapersonal intelligences.
Anonymous:I have some difficulties to guess the way to use this appraoche in teaching english
I very much appreciate your post, I was wondering if I can be supplied with references to read on the subject matter. Or anything to start with, like the proponents of the method,...
Anything will be of great use to me, thanks in advance