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The impact of COVID-19 is expected to be much worse for those in vulnerable situations including daily hires.


I try to understand the sentence but I am confused with ‘including daily hires’.


Which one does it relate to, ‘situations’ or ‘those’?

However, I think that there should be a comma like ‘, including daily hires’.

What do you native English speakers think? Thank you so much as usual.

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Hans51I try [ 1] to understand the sentence, but I am confused with ‘including daily hires’.

[ 1]: That's missing tense. You can say "I'm trying", "I've tried" or "I tried".

Hans51Which one does it relate to, ‘situations’ or ‘those’?

It's talking about people, so it's referring to "those".

Hans51However, I think that there should be a comma like ‘, including daily hires’.

Yes, there should be a comma.

Note that "daily hires" is not very natural; "day workers" or "day labourers" is much more standard.

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Hans51

The impact of COVID-19 is expected to be much worse for those in vulnerable situations including daily hires.


I try to understand the sentence but I am confused with ‘including daily hires’.


Which one does it relate to, ‘situations’ or ‘those’?

However, I think that there should be a comma like ‘, including daily hires’.

What do you native English speakers think? Thank you so much as usual.

I do not know what daily hires are, so I see what you mean. Without the comma, it means that things will be worse for those in situations that include daily hires. With the comma, and I think this is what they meant, things will be worse for daily hires and others in like vulnerable situations.

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 teechr's reply was promoted to an answer.

Thank you so much!

And without a comma, ‘those that include(including) day workers’ does not make sense, right?

But with a comma, ‘those, which include(, including) day workers’ makes sense, right?

What do you think?

Thank you so much in advance.

No. The comma is a small problem; it's not the major problem. That sentence would only have one interpretation with or without the comma.

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teechrYes, there should be a comma.

Thank you so much. If the comma is not a big problem, why did you say, ‘there should be a comma’? Is there a particular reason there should be a comma there?

I said that in answer to your question. There should be a comma, but it's not such a big deal. The comma indicates that what follows is extra (explanatory) information.

Thank you so much.

And then without a comma, does ‘including’ modify ‘those’ like ‘those that include...’? And then, what follows is essential information and doesn’t it make some difference between them or we can say that they carry the same meaning whether it is essential or extra?

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Hans51And then without a comma, does ‘including’ modify ‘those’ like ‘those that include...’? And then, what follows is essential information

Strictly speaking, that's right; but I don't think anyone would interpret it that way.