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I'm not very good in grammar but this really confuses me. Here are two explanations of using either/or and neither/nor taken form different sources.

1.When "or," "nor," "either. . .or," "neither. . .nor," "not...but," "not only...but also," are following the compound subject, make the verb agree in number and in person with the nearer subject.

Neither the windows nor the door needs to painted.
Not the butler but the maids clean the house.

2.If the pairings either/or or neither/nor form part of the subject of a verb and at least one of the elements is plural, then the verb must be plural too.

Either the budgies or the cat have to go.

Now which one is correct?
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Comments  
No wonder you are confused. It is obviously a point of disagreement. Greenbaum & Quirk state that 'when conjoins differ in number, recourse is generally made to the principle of proximity [i.e. the nearest subject]; the number of the second conjoin determines the number of the verb. . . . In less formal usage, phrases coordinated with neither ... nor are treated more like and for concord. Thus, 'neither he nor his wife have arrived' is more natural in speech than 'neither he nor his wife has arrived'.

If you wish to be conservatively correct in the written language, I suggest that you adhere to rule (1).
No. 1 description is right?
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has
I normally cheat and vary the sentence so both subjects are singular (or plural). Or just change it altogether: "None of the wood needs to be painted." Emotion: big smile
I have difficulty explaining to my students about the inversion of neither, either
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Proximity rule
- Neither the children nor the form teacher likes the new teaching assistant
-Neither the form teacher nor the children like .....
-Either you or he is careless
-Either I or they are...

but i find this one confusing
-Neither May nor I are going to the party
-Neither May nor I am ....

WHICH ONE IS CORRECT?
has to go. Cat is singular and is second in the order.
i want example contain nither ,,nor and ather one with nither nor
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