Could of vs could have?

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i am attempting to explain the difference between could of and could have and really don't know if i am explaining it correctly or not.

My example is: I could of picked up the praying mantis to observe it, but that might of hurt the mantis.

I believe that is incorrect and corrected I have: I could have picked up the praying mantic to observe it, but that might have hurt the mantis.

Could someone check this and make sure I am doing this correctly? Any explanation would be greatly appreciated!!!
New Member05
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Approved answer (verified by )
You are correct.

'of' is sometimes used in error in the place of 'have'. Presumably because in speech 'have' is often slurred/shortened to 've', which sounds more like 'of'.

Could of, would of, should of are always incorrect.
Veteran Member11,782
Proficient Speaker: Users in this role are known to maintain an excellent grasp of the English language. You can only be promoted to this role by the Englishforums team.Retired Moderator: A moderator who has retired.
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"Could of" is wrong, it does not exist. It is, however, easy to mix up "could have" and "could of", since it is normally pronounced in a slurred way and then it sounds like "could of".
Full Member297
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thanks a million... just wanted to check and make sure I was on the right track...
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Zerox"Could of" ... does not exist.
I suppose that has some paradoxical value.

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Zerox"Could of" ... does not exist.
I suppose that has some paradoxical value.

Well, of course.
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of ... is a preposition and is generally placed before a noun
eg. she is part OF a group. ( a group. the noun preceded by it's preposition)

could ... is an adverb which describes the verb
eg. she COULD be part OF the group ... (COULD describes the verb TO BE)

It follows from the above that the expression:

COULD OF has no sensible grammatical meaning.... (ie. an ADVERB describing a PREPOSITION)

COULD HAVE is an adverb describing the verb (HAVE) which follows it; this has a sensible grammatical meaning.
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Thank you so very much.

I have been thinking I had lost my mind without having noticed, as each time I saw "could of" or "would of", I became extremely infuriated.

Seeing the incorrect grammar on message boards, forums and on blogs, made me feel insulted and very angry. So much so, I would close the webpage, and fume for a little.

Speaking to others, I learned that the incorrect way is being taught as proper grammar by some teachers.

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Could is in no way a adverb. It's the same as will or may/might. They are all auxiliary verbs.
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