The picture illustrates the process of how solar panels convert the solar energy to electricity for household use.

Overall, there are five main parts of the process including solar panels, inverter, electrical panel, utility meter and utility grid.

To begin with, the solar panels are put on the roof, and its duty is to absorb solar energy before turning solar energy into DC power. The DC power from the solar panels is not ready to be used yet, it has to be pass to the inverter where it is converted into AC current. Moreover, beside the function as a DC to AC converter, the inverter also controls the electricity and production. Next to the inverter is the electrical panel, this is where AC power is transferred to and distributed to your house for domestic use. In case that there is any excess solar electricity, it will be transferred to the grid through the utility meter. By contrast, if the solar energy produced from the panels is not enough for your household use, the utility grid will provide electricity to compensate for the power shortage.

The picture illustrates the process of how solar panels converting the solar energy to electricity for household use. (A solar panel is not a process. A verb+ing shows a process.)

Overall, there are five main pieces of equipment or components involved in parts (wrong word - a part of a process would be a few selected steps. ) of the process: including ("including" implies there are other components that are not mentioned. Since you said "five" and listed five items, "including" is not appropriate.) solar panels, inverter, electrical panel, utility meter and the local utility grid.

To begin with, the solar panels are installed put on the roof where they get maximum exposure to the sun. They its duty is to ("Duty" is related to people. "purpose" is used for equipment.) absorb solar energy in the form of light and transform it into before turning solar energy into direct current (DC) electricity power. The DC power from the solar panels is not ready to be used yet, (That is incorrect. It is immediately ready for the next step. It is not stored somewhere, undergoing another process..) it has to be pass goes into the inverter where it is converted into AC alternating current. Moreover, beside the function as a DC to AC converter, the inverter also regulates controls the amount of electricity produced and production. Next Connected to the inverter is the electrical panel, (comma splice error) this is where AC power is transferred to and distributed to your house to power all the electrical appliances, lighting, television and even the computing equipment. for domestic use. In case that there is any Excess power solar electricity, it will be transferred to the grid through the utility meter. By contrast, (incorrect transition phrase) When the sun is not shining, such as at night or in cloudy weather, the solar panels will not produce enough electricity and it will be provided by , if the solar energy produced from the panels is not enough for your household use, the utility grid will provide electricity to compensate for the power shortage.