I am not a native english speaker.People around me very often speak "Did you went"

not did you go.They are thinking "Went" is past tense verb and "go " is present tense verb ,

so "did you go" contains "Go" verb which is present tense so you need to say "Did you went " here

went is past tense verb it shows this is past tense.

Which is correct among these and why do we need to use present verb in past tense.

Help appreciated.
The tense is carried by the auxiliary verb do -- not by the main verb.
Only the first of the three groups below can leave out the auxiliary and use the inflected forms of the main verb instead (like goes and went in the case of the verb go).

I do go; you do go; he does go; ... I go; you go; he goes; ...
I did go; you did go; he did go; ... I went; you went; he went; ...

The remaining three groups never use the forms goes or went.

Do I go? Do you go? Does he go? ...
Did I go? Did you go? Did he go? ...

I do not go; you do not go; he does not go; ...
I did not go; you did not go; he did not go; ...

Don't I go? Don't you go? Doesn't he go? ...
Didn't I go? Didn't you go? Didn't he go? ...

So Did you went? is totally wrong.

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Thanks CJ for the reply.

The tense is carried out by auxiliary verb in past tense, why do we need to change the past verb to bare infinity in question and negative form. such as "did you go " in other tense you dont alter verb

such as "i am going" "are you going"

why do we need to change the verb only in past tense.any specific reason.

Because that's just how it works.

With I am going, going is the present progressive form of the word.

When you use a form of the verb "to do" you conjugate "to do" (he does, she did, etc.) and then use the bare infinitive. I did go. Do you go there often? He doesn't go there anymore.
why do we need to change the past verb to a bare infinity infinitive in question and negative form
Only one past marker is allowed within a single clause. The auxiliary takes the past marker, so the main verb cannot. The regular past marker is d, but some verbs are irregular, of course. The past marker for do is did. The past marker for go is went. Since you can't have more than one past marker in the same clause, you can't have both did and went in the same clause.

You can express the affirmative forms without an auxiliary, so there the main verb takes the past marker. It has to; it's the only verb in the sentence.

He went.

But if you express the affirmative with the auxiliary (the so-called "emphatic" form), did carries the past marker and so go cannot.

He did go. (Never He did went.)

The question and negative forms always use the auxiliary so the main verb can never take the past marker in those cases.

He didn't go. Did he go? Didn't he go?


For more on grammatical tense markers, see Have or has.
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hi I migrated here in the states 2 years ago.. & I keep on hearing with my BS degree holder-co-workers... "Where did he/she went?" ... did is a past tense & so went... it's just like asking " what did you did?" instead of "what did you do"?

It's better and correct to say "Where did you go? I went to the Washdon's University"... not "Where did you went?"
did u go? is the correct senetnce..did is past so u hv to use go..did u went is wrong.
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Teachmepls: English is very difficult. But this aspect of the language is very easy.

Simply remember one easy rule: after so-called auxiliary and modal verbs, you ALWAYS use the simple infinitive (NO exceptions). Remember this super easy rule, and you will never make a mistake again. For example:

The lazy boy DID/DOES/WILL not DO his homework. / The lazy boy never DID DO his homework.
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