Because trees are sensitive to local climate conditions, such as rain and temperature, they ( provide ) scientists some information about that area's local climate

In this sentence Can I use OFFER instead of PROVIDE

Is it mean same


Yes, that seems OK.

Note the grammar.

they provide scientists with some information

they offer scientists some information

alexaaIs it mean same

Do they mean the same thing?

Do they have the same meaning?

The more common collocation in that context is "provide."

"Offer" does not work as well.