I want to know the difference between these two sentences:

I am hurt or Are you hurt?


I have hurt or Have you hurt?

In the first sentence, Is "Hurt" used as an adjective?.

What do theses two sentences mean?. They have a same meaning??

Please help me out. Emotion: sad
Here is a story with the word hurt.

A boy was riding a bicycle and crashed. He fell down on the street.

I ran to him and asked, "Are you hurt?"

He said, "I hit my head. My head is bleeding. It hurts."

I take the boy to the doctor. I say to the doctor, "He has hurt his head. Can you bandage it?"

The doctor says to the boy, "Your head is not badly hurt. I will put a bandage on it. Put some ice on it and it will not hurt tomorrow."
@AlpheccaStars: It seems the word "hurt" to be an Past participle adjective in your first sentence, isn't it?
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Yes, the verb hurt is very irregular; hurt is the base form, the past form and the past participle.

There are 2 interpretations of the sentence "Are you hurt?"

1) It is passive voice. (Did the fall off the bike hurt you?)

2) Hurt is a predicate adjective.

Your interpretation is good, and perhaps my first thought, too, but the other interpretation is also possible.

How can "Are you hurt?" be a passive question?

The question is clearly one with a linking verb and a past participle acting as an adjective and, as such, as the predicative (or subject complement) of the verb "be."

Let's suppose for a second that the question is in the poassive voice. What, then, is its active voice counterpart?

I could understand it if there were more context. For example:

"Are you hurt by you girlfriends often?" This is a question in the passive voice. The active question would be "Do your girlfriends hurt (infinitive form) you often?" Even without the agent (by your girlfriends), the question would still be easily recognised as a passive one. But remove the adverb, and everything changes.

"Are you hurt?" may very well be the same structure as "Are you tired?": both questions ask about a present state.

Context is always key to understanding.


miriam"Are you hurt?" may very well be the same structure as "Are you tired?": both questions ask about a present state.
Interesting comments....

Here is my two cents:

I think it really depends on where people learned their English. I learned two approches toward these verbs. There are many verbs that behave just like "hurt", and if they are used with the linking verb " be ", the verb form automatically becomes a past participle, such as " I am exhausted ", or " I am excited..". These past participle are in effect used passively as an adjective.

" Are you hurt " or " You are fired " ?" is just that. In this usage, the agent is implied. If someone was involved in an auto accident and he is trapped inside his car. A passerby stopped to ask " are you hurt ?". In this context, the agent is the accident. Or someone has been working in this backyard in the hot sun for 4 hours and he is finally finished. He may say " I am exhuasted !". The unspoken agent was the laboring of the yard work.
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