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Hi Everyone,

This question is about the past participle of 'do'.

Do, did, done.

How would you explain the function of 'done' in the following sentence?

Bill is done with the hammer.

This is not a passive because we know who has used the hammer. So, what part of speech is 'done' in this sentence?

Thanks,

CC Emotion: it wasnt me

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Cup cakeBill is done with the hammer.This is not a passive because we know who has used the hammer. So, what part of speech is 'done' in this sentence?

Adjective. (Note that 'is done' is non-standard English in that meaning.)

CJ

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Cup cakeBill is done with the hammer.

done = finished.
Usually it is followed by a request to borrow it or use it. It can also be followed by a request to put it away for later use.

If you are done with that pen, may I use it?

If you are done with the dishes, please come and help me with polishing my shoes.

https://www.macmillandictionary.com/dictionary/american/done_2

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Comments  

Hmm. That dictionary entry doesn't mention anything about 'done' being non-standard, as my English teacher used to tell us (a hundred years ago). Obviously times have changed since then.

CJ

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CalifJimHmm. That dictionary entry doesn't mention anything about 'done' being non-standard,

Well, it is non-standard in other uses:

Done for:

Poor thing, he's done for.

The perfective done as an auxiliary:

Perfective done is a characteristic feature of African American (Vernacular) English (AAE). It emphasizes that the action is completed, and sometimes expresses surprise or even resignation.

He done did it!

My mama done told me. Remember this one?

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Thanks, CJ.

I had a sneaking suspicion that it might have been idiomatic in nature. It's a bit like the idiom - I'm done!

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Thanks, AlpheccaStars.

Of course, I should've just replaced it with a synonym; then it would have been obvious. Emotion: giggle

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