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・I felt as if I were in a strange place.
・I thought as if I were in a strange place.

Do they both make sense? If they do, do they make the same sense or not?
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The first is OK.

On the 2nd:
Thinking is not feeling, it is a rational process.

In that respect, the 2nd sentence is a bit strange. It could be used, IMO, only when you would assess that your thinking/the operation of your mind would be changed as a result of potentially/virtually being in a strange place.
Comments  
Marius HancuThe first is OK.

On the 2nd:
Thinking is not feeling, it is a rational process.

In that respect, the 2nd sentence is a bit strange. It could be used, IMO, only when you would assess that your thinking/the operation of your mind would be changed as a result of potentially/virtually being in a strange place.

'I thought I was in a strange place' would make the sentence fit Hancu's differentiation between "feel" and "think", with which I agree.