Hi

I am doing a course in English grammar and the topic we are dealing with now is finite and non finite clauses.

I am still a bit confused about it. I was wondering if you could help me to identify the finite and non finite clauses and their types of the following sentences. Please correct me if I am wrong.

1- A single wall separated their lives but if he placed his ear to it he could hear her move about.

A single wall separated their lives - finite clause (don't know the type)

but if he placed his ear to it - finite clause (don't know the type)

he could hear - finite clause (don't know the type)

her move about - non finite clause (infinitive?)

2- I do not think, comrades, that I shall be with you for very much longer, and before I die, I feel it my duty to pass on to you such wisdom as I have acquired.

I do not think, comrades - finite clause (don't know the type)

That I shall be with you for very much longer - finite clause (don't know the type)

and before I die - non finite (infinitive?)

I feel it my duty - finite (don't know the type)

to pass on to you such wisdom - non finite (infinitive)

as I have acquried - finite (don't know the type)

Please give me your opinion about it.

I appreciate

I am doing a course in English grammar and the topic we are dealing with now is finite and non finite clauses.

I am still a bit confused about it. I was wondering if you could help me to identify the finite and non finite clauses and their types of the following sentences. Please correct me if I am wrong.

1- A single wall separated their lives but if he placed his ear to it he could hear her move about.

A single wall separated their lives - finite clause (don't know the type)

but if he placed his ear to it - finite clause (don't know the type)

he could hear - finite clause (don't know the type)

her move about - non finite clause (infinitive?)

2- I do not think, comrades, that I shall be with you for very much longer, and before I die, I feel it my duty to pass on to you such wisdom as I have acquired.

I do not think, comrades - finite clause (don't know the type)

That I shall be with you for very much longer - finite clause (don't know the type)

and before I die - non finite (infinitive?)

I feel it my duty - finite (don't know the type)

to pass on to you such wisdom - non finite (infinitive)

as I have acquried - finite (don't know the type)

Please give me your opinion about it.

I appreciate

1 2

Comments

1- A single wall separated their lives but if he placed his ear to it he could hear her move about.

A single wall separated their lives - finite clause (don't know the type)--

Yes, an independent clauseifhe placed his ear to it - finite clause (don't know the type--dependent conditional)but...hecould hearher move about- finite clause (independent)move about- non-finite clause (infinitive,object complement)2- I do not think, comrades, that I shall be with you for very much longer, and before I die, I feel it my duty to pass on to you such wisdom as I have acquired.

I do not think, comrades

...much longer- finite clause (don't know the type--independent)That I shall be with you for very much longer - finite clause (don't know the type--

relative, object of verb)beforeI die -finite(dependent subordinate)and...I feel it my duty - finite (independent)to pass on to you such wisdom

...acquired- non-finite (infinitive)as I have acquired - finite (don't know the type

-- Nor I, offhand)Mister MicawberThank you for ur help but I am still very confused about it. As your classification differs from mine. Can you please use the classification of finite or non-finite clauses and their types? rather then independent or relative, because every non-finite clause must not be indenpendent. Also, do you know the differente types of finite clauses? as non-finite clauses are gerund, infinitive and participle.

Thank you

susanagomesisthatI shall be with you for very much longernota relative clause.Thatis a conjunction. If it were a relative, it would need an antecedent in the main clause.The only way to have a relative clause after

I do not thinkwould be to make the entire main clause the antecedent, which would requirewhich: I do not think,whichis a sign of stupidity.CB

Cool BreezeSusan, I have left your finite/non-finite classifications, only correcting the one that was wrong (in bold).

Mister MicawberThank you for ur comments. Once again I need your help.

I was given the following sentence and I have to divide it into finite and non finite clauses also indicating which is main clause and which is subordinate clause. More I have to say whelther the clauses after division are adverbial, complement or relative clause. I have done it, but please correct me if I am wrong.

"A single wall separated their lives but if he placed his ear to it he could hear her move about".

susanagomesThis is a compound-complex sentence:"A single wall separated their lives but if he placed his ear to it he could hear her move about".

1-- A single wall separated their lives--

independent finite simple clause2-- if he placed his ear to it he could hear her move about--

independent finite complex clause with an imbedded subordinate clause

Those are both 'main' clauses: those coordinate clauses are joined by the coordinate conjunction 'but'.

3-- he could hear her move about --

finite simple independent clause4-- if he placed his ear to it --

finite subordinate clause-- I'll let CB tell you its function (I'd call it a conditional clause)5-- he could hear her--

finite simple independent clause6-- move about--

nonfinite clause that I would call an object complement; CB may have other ideas.Mister MicawberAnd 'move about' is a verbal object of the catenative verb (subset--verb of the senses) 'hear'

English 1b3So, the clause "if he placed his ear to it" is a finite subordinate clause, is it an adverbial clause? since the "if" can function as a condition. is there any subordinate adverbial clause, which in this case "if he placed his ear to it" would fit.

Another question, pleasce correct me if I am wrong.

Rewrite the 2 sentences as one, with the underlined passage as a finite wh-clause.

Sarah plays poker very well.

It is surpising that Sarah plays poker well.It is surprising how well Sarah plays poker.

Thank you so much!

susanagomes