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Hi,

If you are caught stealing, they will sack you.

Caught is the past form of catch. why was 'caught' used here?


Thanks

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Souri

Hi,

If you are caught stealing, they will sack you.

Caught is the past form of catch. why was 'caught' used here?


Thanks

Because it's are caught, passive voice.


Active voice:

If they catch you stealing, they will sack you. (1st cond.)
If they caught you stealing, they would sack you. (2nd cond.)

Passive voice:

If you are caught stealing they will sack you. (1st)
If you were caught stealing they would sack you. (2nd)


SouriCaught is the past form of catch.

Yes, but when there is an auxiliary verb before it (e.g., is, are, was, were, been, have, has, had), we don't call it the past tense. We say that 'caught' is a past participle in those cases. The same is true of thousands of other verbs.

pp = past participle

We [found]past form the lost child. (past tense) (no auxiliary verb)
We have [found]pp the lost child. (present perfect tense)
The child was [found]pp yesterday. (passive past tense)

CJ

Comments  
SouriCaught is the past form of catch.

Yes, but here it is the past participle.

Souriwhy was 'caught' used here?

That is how you form the passive. If they catch him stealing, he is caught stealing. The tense is in "to be": he is caught, he was caught, he will be caught.

 CalifJim's reply was promoted to an answer.