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surprise (someone) greatly; astonish.
"this news has left me totally flabbergasted"
I saw the above example in the Oxford online dictionary.
What is the grammatical form and function of "flabbergasted" in the above?
This news : subject
Has left : verb
Totally (an adverb)
it seems an adjective to me but I am confused between its function as a verb and an adjective
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This news has left me totally flabbergasted.

The Oxford clearly states that it's an adjective in this example. Its function is objective predicative complement of "left" ("me" is direct object).

It's a past participle verb in, for example, "I was flabbergasted by the result"

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  • As an adjective does it describe the subject (we)?

    We were flabbergasted by/at the news that he'd won the game.

    Isn't it passive (to be plus pp) ?

    Thanks Billj!

"Flabbergasted" can't be passive and an adjective. Verbal passives have past participle verbs, not adjectives, as predicator.

Note that "be" can be followed by an adjective, and sometimes an adjective is formed from the past participle of a verb. Such adjectives are sometimes said to form 'adjectival passives', though they are not 'true' passives, but complex-intransitive clauses:

They are getting married at the week-end [adjectival passive]

They are hoping to get married by the bishop. [verbal passive]

Sorry for asking again but is there a clue or test to determine whether the word is an adjective or not?

I know adjectives describe nouns or pronouns and generally answer the question: which one?

I would really appreciate your help!

Thanks Billj

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JigneshbharatiI know adjectives describe nouns or pronouns and generally answer the question: which one?

Adjectives typically denote the properties of persons (fat, thin tall etc.) or objects (hot, big, blue, good etc.).

Jigneshbharati is there a clue or test to determine whether the word is an adjective or not?

There are some tests that can be performed.

1. Many, but not all, gradable adjectives can be modified by very, whereas verbs cannot:

It was very enjoyable, but not *We very enjoyed it.

(Note that "flabbergasted" in your original example is not gradable and hence cannot be modified by very.)

2. Adjectives can occur as complement to complex-intransitive verbs like become, as in It became quite entertaining), but not *She became quite sleeping.

3. Adjectives can occur as complement to complex-transitive verbs like find (I found it quite entertaining), but not *I found her quite sleeping.


Does that help?

Thank you so much!!!!

As per your answer, can we say "She became flabbergasted "?

Complex intransitive verb test

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