A incorporated

I have three questions about this sentences:

1)

2) Does "up to" modify "2-fold"? What does "up to" mean? ("equal" or "almost" or...?)

3) "than did D" = "than D did" = "than D incorporated B into C" ??? , if so, Does "than did D" sound more specialized than "than D did" in a thesis?

The original sentence is: He observed

Thank you very much.

**up to**2-fold**more**B into C than**did**D.I have three questions about this sentences:

1)

**fold**means what? could more be replaced by greater?2) Does "up to" modify "2-fold"? What does "up to" mean? ("equal" or "almost" or...?)

3) "than did D" = "than D did" = "than D incorporated B into C" ??? , if so, Does "than did D" sound more specialized than "than D did" in a thesis?

The original sentence is: He observed

*villus cells*incorporated up to 2-fold more*acetate*into*digitonin-precipitable sterol*than did*crypt cells.*Thank you very much.

Comments

1)

foldmeans what? could more be replaced by greater?2) Does "up to" modify "2-fold"? What does "up to" mean? ("equal" or "almost" or...?)

3) "than did D" = "than D did" = "than D incorporated B into C" ??? , if so, Does "than did D" sound more specialized than "than D did" in a thesis?

The original sentence is: He observed

villus cellsincorporated up to 2-fold moreacetateintodigitonin-precipitable sterolthan didcrypt cells.Maple,The question seems to be related to biology. The word “incorporated” literally means to “integrate” or “combine” by definition. In this context, I would say it means "genreated" or produced.“2 fold” means 2 times.“Up to” 2 folds” means no more than 2 times.Paul’s new sports car can run as fast as up to 200 miles per hour- meaning no faster than 200mph.The “than did” structure (depending on the tense) is commonly used. E.g.TheMarketing strategy produced more revenues than did theheadquarters.- To rewrite it differently, TheMarketing strategy produced more revenues than theheadquarters did. Hope that helps.GoodmanThank you very much!

Maplevillus cellsincorporated up to 2-fold moreacetateintodigitonin-precipitable sterolthan didcrypt cells.

villus cells incorporated certain amounts ofacetateintodigitonin-precipitable sterol.Call these theA Amounts.

crypt cells incorporated certain amounts ofacetateintodigitonin-precipitable sterol.Call these theB Amounts.The

A Amountswere greater than theB Amounts.In fact, sometimes an

A Amountwas two times the correspondingB Amount.(Recalling that 300 x 2 = 600 :

If a

B Amountwas 300 units, the correspondingA Amountcould be 301, 308, 320, 370, 450, 500, ..., or 600 units.)I hope that helps.

CJ

CalifJimThank you!

MapleIs there a difference in the meaning between "two times more" and "twice as much"? If we have

twotimes more something, do we now havethreetimes as much something as we originally have, given that the originaloneis still there?As stated in the original sentence:

Villus cells incorporated up to 2-fold moreacetateintodigitonin-precipitable sterolthan didcrypt cells.Does is actually mean:

?Villus cells incorporated up to 3-fold

as much acetateintodigitonin-precipitable sterolas crypt cells did.I'm very confused on this question. Thank you.

By the way, is there a misprint in C.J.'s reply? I think the last sentence should be:

If an

And could the A amount even be 601, 605, ..., 900 units, if there does exist a difference between "times more" and "times as much"?B Amountwas 300 units, the correspondingA Amountcould be 301, 308, 320, 370, 450, 500, ..., or 600 units.ZjfrankThanks for pointing it out. I have edited it to correct it.

two-fold more, two times more than, twice, two times as much, twice as muchall have the same meaning.2-fold moredoes not mean3-fold as much.CJ

CalifJimMaple