+1
Hi teahers,

Excerpts:

growing up in Balitmore in 1960s, Gary Gensler learned about business and politics and how they are related. His father owned vending machines, and Gary would accompany him to bars in rough neighborhoods as he poured coins into a nickel-counting machine in his car. Businessmen such Sam Gensler needed - and attracted - politicians. The former wanted to stop ever-rising taxes on cigarettes; the latter wanted loyalty and support.

1. Does "he" a pronoun for "his father"?

2. I cannot image the situation. "As" means two actions together. How are they both in the bars and in the car counting coins at the same time?

3. Who is "former", and who is "latter"?

Thanks

Tinanam
Comments  
Hi,

Excerpts:

growing up in Balitmore in 1960s, Gary Gensler learned about business and politics and how they are related. His father owned vending machines, and Gary would accompany him to bars in rough neighborhoods as he poured coins into a nickel-counting machine in his car. Businessmen such as Sam Gensler needed - and attracted - politicians. The former wanted to stop ever-rising taxes on cigarettes; the latter wanted loyalty and support.

1. Does "he" a pronoun for "his father"? Yes

2. I cannot image the situation. "As" means two actions together. How are they both in the bars and in the car counting coins at the same time? The phrase does not always mean that the two actions were literally at the same time. Or you could think of 'the same time' as covering a period of time, rather than a single point in time.

eg He wrote his first novel at the same time as he was driving a truck for a living.

3. Who is "former", Businessmen such as Sam Gensler

and who is "latter"? politicians

Clive
Hi Clive,

Thanks for your answers. I forgot to ask one question.

His father owned vending machines, and Gary would accompany him to bars in rough neighborhoods as he poured coins into a nickel-counting machine in his car.

Who is this "he"?

Thanks

Tinanam
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Hi,

His father.

Clive
Hi Clive,

I understood it backwards. Would you help me understand this:

If the sentence were to:

Gary would accompany his father to bars in rough neighbohoods as he poured coins into a nickel-counting machine in his car.

Would this "he" now a pronoun for Gary then?

Thanks

Tinanam
Hi,

I still see it as the father.

To decide such things, you have to consider grammar but, most important of all, you have to think about the meaning the writer is trying to convey.

eg The policeman accidentally shot a two year old boy as he was cleaning his gun.

Grammar suggests the boy was cleaning his gun, but do you think the writer meant that?

How about this?

eg The policeman accidentally shot a two year old boy as he was sleeping in his little bed.

Clive
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Hi Clive,

Thanks for the examples. They helped me understand better.

Have a good day.Emotion: smile

Tinanam