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Dear teachers,

Would you please have a look at my exercise? Would you have MORE sentences for me to do?

Rewrite these sentences using a genitive whenever it is possible and making the necessary changes.

1) The goal of Bill Clinton is to make a distinction between legal and illegal immigration.

Bill Clinton'S goal is to make a distinction between legal and illegal immigration.

2) The short-term costs of immigration are very high. NO CHANGE (?)

3) The figures published last year show an increase in the number of Asian immigrants. NO CHANGE ?

4) Romeo and Juliet forfeit their lives partly as a result of the hatred and the prejudice of their parents. (is this sentence correct ?)

Romeo and Juliet forfeit their lives partly as a result of their parentS' hatred and prejudice.

5) The leader of the students was an excellent speaker. NO CHANGE

Thanks a lot,
Hela
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Comments  (Page 2) 
Thank you very much for your answer. That's great.

1) The example which was given under "human activity" (it would be better to find another explanation or heading perhaps) is "science's influence" and "my life's aim". But what is "a duty's call"?

2) I didn't really understand the following point, what do you mean by "objects exerting INDEPENDENT INFLUENCE?"
The car's door is open. Cars, ships, planes, trains seem to have some rights to the genitive. I suppose it's because they appear to exert independent influence.

3) In which context might your sentence "I walked through the valley of the shadow of death" appear, please? Could you give me an example?

4) Should my sentence be left as it is --with no change:

The success of personal computing is the accomplishment of Bill Gates.

or can it be changed into :

a) The success of personal computing is Bill Gates’s accomplishement.
b) Personal computing's success is Bill Gates's accomplishment.

Sweet dreams,

Hela

Hi Paco, since you're good at maths, would you please explain this to me?

"The angle between the earth's equator and the plane of its orbit is 23 degrees 27 minutes."

Do we need to capitalise "earth" here? Anyone could tell me when I should capitalize "earth" or not?

All the best,

Hela
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Your question is not a grammatical one. It's an issue of writing style, and in English, there is no authority (like I'Academie Francaise) to fix writing style. But The Chicago Manual of Style is a kind of authority and it says about the style of celestial bodies as follows:

Names of other planets and stars are proper nouns and begin with a capital letter: "The planet Mars can be seen tonight in the constellation Gemini, near the star Pollux".

The words sun, earth, and moon are proper nouns when used in an astronomical context, but not elsewhere: so "The Sun is a main sequence star, with a spectral class of G2"; but "It was a lovely day and the sun was warm". Note that these terms are only proper nouns when referring to a specific spectral body (our Sun, Earth and Moon): so "The Moon orbits the Earth"; but "Pluto's moon Charon".

So in your context, "the Earth" would be better.

paco
Hello again Hela

1) The example which was given under "human activity" (it would be better to find another explanation or heading perhaps) is "science's influence" and "my life's aim". But what is "a duty's call"?

— no article: just "duty's call", i.e. "the call of duty" ("l'appel du devoir"?).

2) I didn't really understand the following point, what do you mean by "objects exerting INDEPENDENT INFLUENCE?"

The car's door is open. Cars, ships, planes, trains seem to have some rights to the genitive. I suppose it's because they appear to exert independent influence.


— A cup or a table exerts no influence. But a car or a train or a computer has an effect on its surroundings: it "does" something. Or an object may have a strong magnetic field, for instance. It seems to me that such objects are somewhere between the animate and the inanimate; they seem more likely to be used in the genitive. (We call ships "she", for instance; people give names to their cars; your pc gives you advice when you're typing, etc.)

3) In which context might your sentence "I walked through the valley of the shadow of death" appear, please? Could you give me an example?

— This is a quote from the 23rd Psalm: "Yea, though I walk through the v. of the s. of d., I will fear no evil". So it would appear mostly as an allusion.

4)...

— It doesn't seem quite idiomatic, as it stands. Maybe: "Bill Gates' great achievement has been to make a success of personal computing".

MrP
Dear Paco,

Thank you for your advice about capitalization but you forgot to tell me what these sentences mean exactly (I hopeless at maths and astronomy!):
1) The Sun is a main sequence star, with a spectral class of G2.


2) The angle between the earth's equator and the plane of its orbit is 23 degrees 27 minutes.

Dear MrP,

Would you have a better heading for "human activity" mentioned above?

Have a nice day,

Hela
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Hela 2) The angle between the earth's equator and the plane of its(=the Sun's) orbit is 23 degrees 27 minutes (=nearly 23.5 degrees) .



paco
Hela

Would you have a better heading for "human activity" mentioned above?

Hello Hela

I would tentatively proffer "important abstractions"; but there may be a hole in it somewhere.

MrP

Dear MrP, why should we write "Bill Gates' achievements" and not "Bill Gates's achievements" and still pronounce /geitsiz/? Is it the same for "James' house" (or "James's house")?

Dear Paco, thank you for the picture! That helped. But if you were to put that in words what would you say? How would you explain "the plane of its orbit"? Would you also explain this sentence to me, please?

" The Sun is a main sequence star, with a spectral class of G2."

Best wishes,

Hela
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Hello Hela

The plane of its orbit is "the plane on which the Sun goes around the Earth". You can explain the picture yourself in your mother tongue and try to translate it into English. Then we might correct the translation. As for "a main sequence star" and "a spectral class of G2", I don't know what they are. I'm not an astronomer. If you want to know about them, try to look for them in some online encyclopedic sites yourself or try to ask them in any sites for QAs on astronomy. Please know this place is for General English Grammar Questions. It's wrong if you are thinking you can get here everything you want to know.

Best wishes

paco
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